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  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Although half of the private sector bargaining area conducted collective
    bargaining in the spring (DK9705110F [1]), 1997 was a relatively peaceful
    year on the Danish labour market, with fewer conflicts than in previous years
    when bargaining occurred. According to statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) the number of working days
    lost due to industrial action in 1997 - at 82,992 days - was significantly
    lower than in 1995 and 1993. The main reason for the lower figure is that
    only half of the private sector area conducted collective bargaining in 1997,
    while the whole area did so in 1995 and 1993.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-1997-danish-collective-bargaining-round-completed

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Ireland's Labour Court made its biggest ever individual equal pay award
    recently when it held that four communications assistants represented by the
    Civil and Public Services Union (CPSU) and employed by the Irish Aviation
    Authority were entitled to equal pay with two male radio officers. The
    government department with overall responsibility for the Authority, the
    Department of Public Enterprise, has decided to accept the ruling, which was
    issued on 28 November 1997 and which means each of the four women will
    receive a total of IEP 100,000 on a backdated basis.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Since the 1980s, intense product market competition among the industrialised
    countries has led to a search for new products and new methods of production.
    At the same time, new technology is changing the ways that labour markets
    work and UK labour institutions have increasingly come into question. The UK
    in particular has experienced a sharp decline in the coverage of collective
    bargaining and of unionisation. Most of these developments have either been
    the consequence of, or the reason for, increasing flexibility. Yet what is
    "flexibility", what does it mean and what is it doing?

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A strike in the mining companies, Hunosa and Minas de Figaredo, escalated
    into a well-supported general strike in the whole Spanish mining industry in
    January 1998.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A new three-year collective agreement was signed at Cargolux SA, the
    Luxembourg air freight company, in December 1997. It contains substantial
    improvements, including the restoration of certain benefits lost in 1995.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Joining the European Union in 1995 made it necessary for Austria to improve
    the regulations on employee protection against hazards. This included
    particularly the appointment of safety officers in enterprises, the
    documentation of hazards, and the availability and job descriptions of
    occupational medical practitioners. A plan was drawn up to implement better
    protection in stages, starting in 1997 with firms employing more than 100
    workers. On 1 January 1998, firms with between 51 and 100 employees became
    subject to the new regulations, and on 1 January 1999 those with 11 to 50
    employees will follow. Finally in 2000, the remaining companies with 10 or
    fewer employees will also be covered.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    An unusual collective agreement has been concluded between the Swedish Energy
    Employers' Association (Energiföretagens Arbetsgivareförening, EFA) on the
    one hand, and the Association of Graduate Engineers
    (Civilingenjörsförbundet, CF), the Swedish Union for Technical and Clerical
    Employees in Industry and Services (Svenska Industritjänstemannaförbundet
    SIF), the Association of Management and Professional Staff (Ledarna) and the
    Union of Service and Communication (SEKO) on the other. The agreement, which
    came into force on 1 January 1998, regulates general terms of employment for
    around 15,000 workers in private energy enterprises and in the state-owned
    Vattenfall group. The agreement fulfils many of the current requirements put
    forward by employers, and the managing director of EFA, Björn Tibell, calls
    it "pioneering".

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In January 1998, the European Commission launched a "high-level expert group"
    to analyse industrial change in the European Union. The group was formed in
    response to one of the European Council's conclusions [1] at the Employment
    Summit [2] held in Luxembourg in November 1997 (EU9711168F [3]). The European
    Council considered that "particular attention should be given to sectors
    undergoing major industrial change". More specifically, it called for the
    setting up of a high-level expert group to analyse likely industrial changes
    in the Community and to look into ways of anticipating them better, so as to
    ensure a positive and coordinated approach to their economic and social
    consequences.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/papers/concl.htm
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment

  • CAR
    27 januar 1998

    /The December 1995 framework agreement on parental leave was the first such
    accord between the EU-level social partners, and was given legal force by a
    Council Directive in June 1996. This comparative study: outlines current
    parental leave provisions in the Member States (plus Norway); examines the
    perceptions of the framework agreement/Directive and the changes it requires
    in national provisions; and assesses the practical impact of current parental
    leave provisions and the likely effect of the agreement/Directive./

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, the Federal Government agreed on a bill which includes a
    variety of measures to improve the social security provisions for flexible
    working time arrangements and to allow for easier application of the Partial
    Retirement Law (DE9710133F [1]). The new law came into effect on 1 January
    1998.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-policies-undefined/pilot-agreement-on-partial-retirement-in-south-west-german-metalworking

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications