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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) appealed
    to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and other international
    organisations and national bodies, with a view to repealing a new law which
    provides for labour relations in some public corporations to be governed by
    law rather than collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In his speech traditionally delivered on New Year's day, the Prime Minister,
    Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, emphasised the need for improved conditions for
    families with small children, and state that the social partners should play
    a more prominent part in this regard.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Recent reforms of the labour market in Spain propose new forms of
    institutional control over dismissal for objective reasons, through
    collective bargaining. However, a December 1997 subsectoral local agreement
    in the Vilafranca del Penedès wine-making sector has revealed certain
    constraints on the power of workers' representatives to negotiate and monitor
    dismissal.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In January 1998, a two-day strike on Luxembourg Railways, protesting against
    proposed pensions reform, was supported by the great majority of employees.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The parties in bargaining over the pay and conditions of Swedish ships'
    officers are the Swedish Engineers Officers' Association (Svenska
    Maskinbefälsförbundet, SMBF) the Swedish Ship Officers' Association
    (Sveriges Fartygsbefälsförening, SFBF) and the Sea Officers' Union
    (Föreningen Sjöbefälet), on the one hand, and the Swedish Ship Owners'
    Association (Sveriges Redareförening, SRF) on the other. When the 1998 talks
    started, the trade unions called for pay increases which would increase the
    employers' costs by 11% - far beyond what other unions have claimed in the
    1998 bargaining round.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The 1969 Night Work of Women Act (Frauen-Nachtarbeitsgesetz, FrNArbG)
    originally ruled out the employment of women over an 11-hour period including
    that from 20.00 to 06.00. The bulk of the law comprised detailed exemptions
    and exceptions. When Austria acceded to the European Economic Area on 1
    January 1994 the law was amended to permit night work indiscriminately from
    the year 2001. Driven by employment concerns, new legislation was enacted in
    late 1997 permitting the social partners to conclude collective agreements on
    the night-time employment of women from 1 January 1998 provided that the
    right to return to a daytime occupation in case of a proven health hazard
    were included along with measures to compensate for the burdens of night work
    or to alleviate them. Special consideration has to be given to any necessary
    care of children up to the age of 12 (AT9711148N [1]). Collective agreements
    may empower plant-level agreements to make exceptions to the ban on night
    work.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/womens-night-work-ban-to-be-relaxed

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The death in hold-ups of three Belgian security guards collecting and
    delivering cash sparked off a general strike in the sector in January 1998,
    which continues at the time of writing (mid-February). Demanding better
    security and the recognition of risks specific to this kind of job, security
    guards are seeking to define the conditions for the practice of this new
    profession. However, these demands, which result in new costs for the
    employers (the security and patrol companies) jeopardise their business. The
    principal customers, banks and large stores, are pressing for a reduction in
    the costs of these services and seeking ways of doing without them, and jobs
    are threatened.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 3 February 1998, the Danish Association of Professional Technicians
    (Teknisk Landsforbund, TL) publicly announced its intention to seek a shift
    from a 37-hour working week with overtime payments for any additional hours
    to a fixed monthly salary (known as joblønor "job-salary"), whereby
    technicians would not receive overtime payments for working more than 37
    hours per week.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications