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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The issue of legislating against discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin
    in working life has been debated in Sweden for the last 30 years, but it was
    not until 1994 that the first law was enacted. To the very last, even one of
    the trade union confederations asserted that collective agreements, not
    legislation, were the appropriate means of combating discrimination.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the February 1998 plenary session of the European Parliament, the
    representative of the current UK Council Presidency, Douglas Henderson
    confirmed that the Council of Ministers and the European Commission had no
    plans to review the decision to end intra-EU duty-free sales (EU9711166N
    [1]). This was despite claims made by representatives of the ferry and
    airport industry and trade unions in these sectors that the loss of up to
    140,000 jobs may result from the decision. The decision to end duty-free from
    1999 was taken over seven years ago by the Council of Ministers in 1991, as
    one of the taxation and excise measures to make the single market a reality.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/conference-highlights-controversy-over-abolition-of-duty-free

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 16 February 1998, the president of the Public Services, Transport and
    Traffic Union (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche Dienste, Transport und Verkehr,
    ÖTV), Herbert Mai, stated in an interview that in the long run there is no
    alternative to an extensive reduction of working time in order to solve the
    unemployment problem. For Mr Mai, the introduction of the 30-hour week could
    be an important step towards halving unemployment in Germany. In the public
    services sector alone, a weekly reduction of one hour in working time would
    have an "arithmetical employment effect", producing 135,000 new jobs. At the
    moment, weekly working time in public services is 38.5 hours in western
    Germany and 40 hours in eastern Germany.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The third conference of female trade unionists in the Greek General
    Confederation of Labour (GSEE), held in February 1998, has highlighted the
    serious lack of representation and participation of women in trade union
    bodies in Greece.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A recent study has found that 60% of Dutch employees suffer from work-related
    stress. The unions have placed this issue at the top of their agenda for the
    1998 collective bargaining round.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the sectoral trade unions and Ferrovie dello Stato, the
    Italian national railway, signed an agreement aimed at increasing the
    company's efficiency, productivity and competitiveness.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 22 February 1998, negotiations between the Confederation of Danish
    Industries (Dansk Industri, DI) and the Central Organisation of Industrial
    Employees in Denmark (Centralorganisationen af Industriansatte i Danmark,
    CO-industri) broke down. The DI/CO-industri bargaining unit covers some
    210,000 workers in industry, or some 62% of all the employees whose
    collective agreements are due to be renewed by 1 March 1998. The norm-setting
    effect of the agreement in industry is estimated to affect agreements
    covering an additional 100,000 workers. As other bargaining units in the
    private sector await the outcome of the negotiations in the industrial
    sector, the breakdown in talks meant that a major conflict across the whole
    private sector could have broken out on 2 March 1998, the day after the
    current agreements expire.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Trade unions in the state-owned aircraft maintenance company, TEAM Aer
    Lingus, are considering a management offer to buy out employment guarantees
    made to workers who transferred over from the former maintenance and
    engineering division of the parent company in 1990. The guarantees are in the
    form of individually signed "letters of comfort" and state that the workers
    formally remain as employees of Aer Lingus"as if TEAM did not exist"
    (IE9711235F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-labour-market/team-aer-lingus-employees-seek-deal-prior-to-potential-sell-off

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the UGT trade union confederation signed the second general
    collective agreement for the Spanish construction sector, over three months
    after it was signed by the CC.OO union confederation and the CNC employers'
    organisation, thus ending the bargaining deadlock in the industry.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The new collective agreement for white-collar workers in Luxembourg's iron
    and steel industry, signed in January 1998, includes an overall pay increase
    of 1.85% spread over two years and ratifies an existing profit-sharing
    scheme.

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications

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