Publications

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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    According to recently-published official figures, 1997 was a year in which
    collective bargaining in Portugal did not differ much, in numerical terms,
    from previous years. This demonstrates that the bargaining system still
    sticks to a certain formal rigidity that is not accompanied by substantive
    change. Figures also indicate that although the number of strikes remained
    stable, some reduction in other indicators of strike mobilisation - workers
    involved and days lost, for example - is noticeable.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In 1957, the German Trade Union Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB)
    and its affiliated trade unions set up a joint company pension scheme
    (Unterstützungsfonds) for their employees. Traditionally, the scheme was
    financed on a pay-as-you-go basis. In the last couple of years, however, the
    financing of the pension scheme has become increasingly problematic for a
    number of reasons:

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the end of January 1998, the Low Pay Commission [1] (LPC) completed its
    oral hearings on the forthcoming National Minimum Wage (NMW) in sessions with
    the Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equality and
    UNISON, public sector union which is the UK's largest union. The LPC will now
    have to consider more than 400 pieces of written evidence, along with the
    results of hearings with companies, employees, trade unions and other bodies.
    The LPC's findings are expected to be published later in the spring of 1998,
    along with a recommendation for a NMW rate (UK9711177F [2]).

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/lowpay/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/the-national-minimum-wage-an-update

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Spanish employers have supported continuity in electing José María Cuevas
    as chair of the CEOE-CEPYME employers' confederation for the fifth time, in
    February 1998. In his inaugural speech, he advocated policies including
    fiscal reform to reduce employers' social security contributions.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    This is the latest in a series of articles examining the industrial relations
    systems of the Central and Eastern European countries which are due to start
    European Union accession negotiations in 1998 - see EU9708143F [1],
    EU9709146F [2] and EU9710152F [3]. Here we focus on Poland, drawing on recent
    literature.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/agenda-2000-and-the-european-social-dimension-countdown-to-enlargement-the-case-of-the-czech
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/trends-in-the-development-of-labour-markets-and-labour-relations-in-central-and-eastern-europe
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-law-and-regulation/the-transition-of-the-hungarian-industrial-relations-system

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The revised Basic Agreement between Norway's LO trade union confederation and
    NHO employers' organisation was approved in February 1998. The attempt to
    extend the agreement's new provisions on the minimum level of members
    required for a union to enter into a collective agreement to other basic
    agreements, has led to complications in the negotiations between NHO and the
    YS vocational union confederation.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Following the recent demonstrations by unemployed groups, the French Prime
    Minister, Lionel Jospin, announced in February 1998 the main measures that
    the Government will be implementing to assist those most affected by
    unemployment.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 11 June 1997 Parliament instructed the Ministry of Labour, Health and
    Social Affairs (Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales,
    BMAGS) to devise, by the end of the year, amendments to the Works
    Constitution Act (Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz, ArbVG) that would remove
    citizenship as a criterion for eligibility in works council elections. A
    similar amendment was demanded for the Chamber of Labour Act
    (Arbeiterkammergesetz, AKG) (AT9706121N [1]). One week late, on 8 January
    1998, the Ministry circulated draft amendments to the AKG for review by the
    social partners, other ministries, and provincial governments. In the
    covering letter, the Ministry asked for comments not only on the Chamber of
    Labour Act but also on similar proposed changes to the ArbVG. The review
    period ended on 9 February 1998 but some organisations were still working on
    their response by the end of the month, one of them being the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/action-taken-on-nationality-based-discrimination

  • Report
    17 februar 1998

    This working paper consists of examples of good practice in combating age barriers in employment in a variety of European countries. Its primary intention is to inform the debate in Europe about age and employment by providing practical examples of how 'different' private and public organisations have set about trying to minimise the impact of age barriers in job recruitment and training.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    celebrates the 100th anniversary of its creation in 1998. The celebration
    will be most noticeable through a wide range of cultural and union activities
    unfolding throughout the year (which will be reported in subsequent EIRO
    records), and here we take the opportunity to look at recent developments in
    LO's organisation, membership and political links.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications