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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 23 January 1998, the High Court in London ruled in nine test cases brought
    by ex-mineworkers suing British Coal, the former nationalised coal authority,
    for causing them chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The outcome was eagerly
    awaited by tens of thousands other potential claimants, and could affect
    miners who worked in coalmines as long ago as 1947. Over 100 other cases are
    already awaiting judgment and there are thousands of other claims pending,
    according to solicitors working on behalf of injured former members of the
    National Union of Mineworkers. The test cases, taken by ex-miners from the
    Durham, Yorkshire and South Wales coalfields took 17 months to reach the High
    Court.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    According to the recently published /Accident at work avoidance report 1997/
    (Unfallverhütungsbericht Arbeit 1997) from the German Federal Government,
    the number of accidents at work declined further in 1996, while in the same
    period the number of suspected cases of occupational diseases rose.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, BBV - the second largest banking group in Spain - called on
    the conservative Government to progress further with labour reform, reduce
    the cost of dismissal and continue to reduce public expenditure in order to
    meet the challenge of the single European currency.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In December 1997, the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of
    Europe (UNICE) declared its willingness to enter into negotiations with the
    European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises
    of General Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC) on the rights of workers on fixed-term contracts. These
    negotiations would be held under the procedures set out in the Maastricht
    social policy Agreement [1]. This move follows the successful conclusion of
    similar negotiations on parental leave in December 1995 (TN9801201S [2]) and
    on part-time work in June 1997 (EU9706131F [3]). From the outset of the
    latter negotiations, UNICE had rejected the trade unions' desire to negotiate
    on all forms of "atypical employment", because of what it perceived to be the
    very different issues pertaining to part-time and to fixed-term employment.
    Regulation of fixed-term employment currently varies significantly between
    Member States, particularly in relation to the possible maximum duration of
    such contracts and the restrictions pertaining to their use. These are the
    issues which will be of particular concern to the trade union side, now that
    ETUC has agreed in March 1998 a mandate to enter into negotiations.

    [1] http://www.europa.eu.int/abc/obj/treaties/en/entr8i.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/the-eu-parental-leave-agreement-and-directive-implications-for-national-law-and-practice
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Over early 1998, the French Minister of Education, Claude Allègre, has been
    faced with protests from teachers who are opposed to his proposed reforms.
    The teachers' many demands indicate a deep underlying problem, and
    negotiations have been limited or even deadlocked.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The Minister of Labour and Government Administration, Eldbjørg Løwer, in a
    press conference on the 23 January 1998, informed the media of her decision
    to permit the recruitment of foreign qualified doctors through private labour
    exchanges, in addition to the recruitment carried out by the existing public
    labour exchanges.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The social partners in the tourism sector succeeded in signing a national
    collective agreement on salaries but not on wages for the 12 months from 1
    May 1997 (AT9706120N [1]). Instead, four wage agreements were concluded at
    provincial level (Vienna, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Vorarlberg) by early
    July, after which the negotiating process came to a halt. The impasse, in a
    sector that is of great importance for Austria's balance of payments, has
    begun to concern the Government. On 10 February 1998, the Prime Minister
    himself convened the social partners to try to sort out the issues and to
    press for a solution.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/provincial-agreements-in-tourism

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the end of January 1998, the Low Pay Commission [1] (LPC) completed its
    oral hearings on the forthcoming National Minimum Wage (NMW) in sessions with
    the Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equality and
    UNISON, public sector union which is the UK's largest union. The LPC will now
    have to consider more than 400 pieces of written evidence, along with the
    results of hearings with companies, employees, trade unions and other bodies.
    The LPC's findings are expected to be published later in the spring of 1998,
    along with a recommendation for a NMW rate (UK9711177F [2]).

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/lowpay/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/the-national-minimum-wage-an-update

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In 1957, the German Trade Union Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB)
    and its affiliated trade unions set up a joint company pension scheme
    (Unterstützungsfonds) for their employees. Traditionally, the scheme was
    financed on a pay-as-you-go basis. In the last couple of years, however, the
    financing of the pension scheme has become increasingly problematic for a
    number of reasons:

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Spanish employers have supported continuity in electing José María Cuevas
    as chair of the CEOE-CEPYME employers' confederation for the fifth time, in
    February 1998. In his inaugural speech, he advocated policies including
    fiscal reform to reduce employers' social security contributions.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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