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  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In January 1998, the European Commission launched a "high-level expert group"
    to analyse industrial change in the European Union. The group was formed in
    response to one of the European Council's conclusions [1] at the Employment
    Summit [2] held in Luxembourg in November 1997 (EU9711168F [3]). The European
    Council considered that "particular attention should be given to sectors
    undergoing major industrial change". More specifically, it called for the
    setting up of a high-level expert group to analyse likely industrial changes
    in the Community and to look into ways of anticipating them better, so as to
    ensure a positive and coordinated approach to their economic and social
    consequences.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/papers/concl.htm
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment

  • CAR
    27 januar 1998

    /The December 1995 framework agreement on parental leave was the first such
    accord between the EU-level social partners, and was given legal force by a
    Council Directive in June 1996. This comparative study: outlines current
    parental leave provisions in the Member States (plus Norway); examines the
    perceptions of the framework agreement/Directive and the changes it requires
    in national provisions; and assesses the practical impact of current parental
    leave provisions and the likely effect of the agreement/Directive./

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997 and January 1998, France has seen a growing wave of protests
    by unemployed people, which has grown from specific local actions into a
    nationwide movement. The demands of the protesters have challenged both the
    Government and the trade unions which co-manage the unemployment insurance
    fund, and raised basic questions about the collective representation of
    unemployed people and the financial support for those unemployed long-term.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At present, Sweden has no legislation expressly forbidding discrimination
    against people with disabilities in working life. For example, there is
    nothing preventing private employers from excluding job applicants with some
    form of disability with express reference to their disability, as they are in
    principle free to employ whomever they choose. On 3 December 1997 a committee
    appointed by the Government therefore proposed a new act prohibiting
    discrimination in working life against people with disabilities.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In an interview on national Norwegian television in January 1998, the
    Minister of Labour and Government Administration, Eldbjørg Løwer, called
    for the lifting of the ban on private employment agencies (reported in
    /Aftenposten/ on 9 January 1998). Speaking in general terms about the
    contemporary labour market situation in Norway, she recognised the need to
    modernise the present system of regulations on private employment agencies as
    well as on the temporary secondment of employees from one firm to another
    (NO9708118F [1]). Ms Løwer envisages a reversal of the present legal
    arrangements in both areas. The prohibitions on private employment agencies
    and on the temporary secondment of employees from one company to another
    should be abolished, while alternative restrictions may be put on certain
    types of occupational groups, and on the quota of workers on "lease" in any
    given firm or company.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/temporary-employment-and-leasing-of-employees

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A perceived dearth of openings for apprentices, in the context of the
    demographic trends leading to increasing numbers of 15-year-olds, was one of
    the major employment issues in 1997 (AT9708128F [1]). Alerted, the Government
    and the social partners intend not to be caught unawares in 1998.
    Preparations are already underway to have the right incentives and sufficient
    counseling capacity in place when school finishes at the end of June. For the
    time being, however, the preparations are hampered by competing and
    conflicting evaluations of the measures taken in 1997 (AT9706116F [2]), and
    by disagreement over the scale the problem is likely to assume in 1998. They
    are also hampered by the fact that the cost of the 1997 measures is not
    known.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-law-and-regulation-undefined/measures-to-promote-youth-employment-debated
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined-labour-market/tackling-the-apprenticeships-crisis

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The political debate on employment policies in Belgium grew bitter just
    before the Christmas break at the end of 1997. Recommendations on government
    policies made by the new Higher Council for Employment provoked the anger of
    the leaders of the two main trade union organisations and some critical
    declarations from the chief executive of the employers' federation.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    On 7 January 1998 the metalworkers' trade union, IG Metall, and the Steel
    Employers' Association (Arbeitgeberverband Stahl) signed a new collective
    agreement for the about 8,000 employees in the east German steel industry.
    The collective bargaining parties agreed on a flat-rate payment of DEM 330
    for the period October 1997 to December 1997 and a 2.6% wage increase from
    January 1998.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At the end of December 1997, the Institute of Personnel and Development (IPD)
    - the professional body for personnel managers - launched its /Management of
    equality/ awards. These will be awarded annually by the Equal Opportunities
    Commission (EOC), the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) and the Employers'
    Forum on Disability (EFD) to students taking IPD qualifications who come up
    with creative solutions to the problems of equal opportunities.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications