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  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A survey of 374 organisations by the recruitment company, Reed Personnel,
    conducted prior to Christmas 1997, showed that the number of companies
    opening on Christmas Day has grown by a third over the past decade.
    Traditionally only organisations such as hospitals, the emergency services,
    hotels, telephone operator services and the media worked on Christmas Day,
    but this has now extended to the service sector in general and even to some
    manufacturing establishments. The service sector showed the largest increase
    in the proportion of establishments opening, up from 6% to 8% over the
    decade, while manufacturing rose from zero to 1%.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In May 1997, the group of experts on "European systems of worker
    involvement", known as the Davignon group, after its chair, issued its report
    [1] (EU9705128N [2]). The group had been set up by the European Commission
    essentially to suggest ways of breaking the deadlock on worker involvement
    measures which had blocked the adoption of the European Company Statute for
    many years. The report set out recommendations for the information,
    consultation and board-level participation of employees in the European
    Company (SE), which were then largely taken up by the Luxembourg EU
    Presidency of the second half of 1997 in a new draft version of the Statute
    (EU9710158N [3]).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/labour/davignon/davien.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/davignon-group-on-worker-involvement-publishes-recommendations
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/labour-and-social-affairs-council-dominated-by-preparations-for-jobs-summit

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    1997 was a year with few industrial conflicts in Norway, according to
    recently published statistics. The six-week strike on mobile oil
    installations in the North Sea during the autumn was the only major labour
    dispute during 1997.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At the 1995 congress of the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) its member trade unions decided
    to reorganise. The goal is to reduce the number of individual trade unions
    from 14 to three, covering manufacturing, services, and public service. There
    is no clear time-limit for the process. In the first two years little was
    achieved by way of obvious results, but 1998 promises to bring the first of
    these. On 21 January 1998 two trade unions, the Union of Printing and Paper
    Workers (Gewerkschaft Druck und Papier) and the Union of Posts and
    Telecommunications Employees (Gewerkschaft der Post- und
    Fernmeldebediensteten) concluded a cooperation agreement. They are forming a
    jointly and proportionately financed platform to decide policy measures and a
    joint steering committee with proportional representation. The rationale is
    the unions' shared activity in the media sector. By 2000, they want to unite
    their offices in one location. A full merger in the future is not ruled out,
    neither is it explicitly planned. According to press reports, the ÖGB's
    president commented that a merger might have been the result if the ÖGB
    could have taken decisions like a joint stock company.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Following demonstrations and work stoppages in December 1997, employers and
    trade unions in Belgium's not-for-profit sector have submitted a joint
    declaration to the Government calling for increased financing for employment.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A January 1998 ruling by the Commercial Court in Paris has enabled some of
    the former workers of a Bally shoe factory to take it over and restart
    production.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    An agreement signed in Pistoia, Italy in December 1997 by metalworkers' trade
    unions and the Europa Metalli company has created 20 new jobs, manufacturing
    the metal to be used in the new Euro coins.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The UK Labour Government is committed by its election manifesto to obliging
    employers to recognise a trade union where this is supported in a ballot by
    employees (UK9704125F [1]). Details of how the Government intends to
    implement this proposal are expected in a White Paper on "fairness at work"
    to be issued in early 1998, and legislation is planned for the 1998-9
    parliamentary session. As part of the policy-making process, government
    ministers have encouraged the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) and the
    Trades Union Congress (TUC) to engage in talks to resolve some of the
    practical problems raised by recognition legislation, making it clear that an
    agreed approach is likely to prove persuasive. The Government also indicated
    that if the two sides failed to agree it would proceed to issue its own
    proposals. Discussions between the CBI and TUC took place during the autumn
    of 1997 and concluded in early December with the publication of a joint
    statement identifying not only issues on which the parties could agree but
    also significant areas of continuing disagreement.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In 1997 the average number of unemployed people in Germany was around 4.4
    million, which marked a sharp increase of more than 400,000 on the previous
    year. The average rate of unemployment was 11.4% in 1997, compared with 10.4%
    in 1996. Although the German economy is expected to recover in 1998, most
    economic experts in Germany think that this will have only small effects on
    the labour market.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At the beginning of January 1998, Jaguar, part of the US-based Ford motor
    manufacturing group, announced that it is to produce a new smaller luxury
    sports car to compete with the BMW 3 series and the Mercedes class 3.
    Jaguar's chair and chief executive, Nick Scheele said that :"our preference,
    naturally was to build the car in the UK and I regret that we are not able to
    produce an affordable investment proposition to make the new car at our
    plants in the West Midlands but I am pleased that we will be going to
    Halewood."

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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