Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    celebrates the 100th anniversary of its creation in 1998. The celebration
    will be most noticeable through a wide range of cultural and union activities
    unfolding throughout the year (which will be reported in subsequent EIRO
    records), and here we take the opportunity to look at recent developments in
    LO's organisation, membership and political links.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In the past decade, Ireland has developed a system of social participation
    which plays a major role in the conduct of economic and social policy. This
    approach began in 1987, with a three-year agreement [1] between the
    Government, the trade union movement, employers and agricultural interests.
    This lifted the country from the deep economic and social crisis of the 1980s
    and facilitated a return to growth. That agreement was followed by three
    further social partnership programmes, the latest of which is /Partnership
    2000/ (IE9702103F [2]). These agreements determine the growth of pay in both
    the public and private sector, but also embody a negotiated approach to a
    wide range of economic and social policies. The consensus which underpinned
    these agreements was, to a large extent, developed in the National Economic
    and Social Council (NESC), a deliberative body in which the social partners
    and senior civil servants undertake analysis and discussion of strategic
    issues. Following agreement on the strategic priorities, negotiation of the
    programmes was undertaken in a separate body, the Central Review Committee,
    which also monitors the implementation of the programmes.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/programme-for-national-recovery-pnr
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A collective agreement on working time was concluded in the construction
    industry on 9 August 1996. Although it became effective retroactively from 1
    July 1996, its first impact was felt only in 1997. The main aim was to reduce
    the industry's reliance on the national unemployment insurance system though
    workers being laid off during the winter, and to distribute the cost of doing
    so between enterprises and employees. It is now possible to make a first
    assessment of the deal's effects.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In 1992, the Municipal Workers' Union (Kommunalarbetareförbundet) and the
    Swedish Association of Local Authorities (Kommunförbundet) agreed to change
    the collective agreement on pensions then in force, with the effect that the
    pensioners did not receive the benefits they had counted on (SE9709136F [1]).
    A former sheet-metal worker, Knut Törling, sued his former employer, the
    City of Stockholm, claiming in all SEK 7,794, plus interest on overdue
    payment. Mr Törling argued that pension rights are the workers' acquired
    rights which a trade union cannot dispose of without a special authorisation
    from each member concerned, and he had never given such an authorisation to
    the Municipal Workers' Union. Therefore the City of Stockholm could not
    invoke the new collective agreement against him.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/agreement-on-inferior-pension-terms-challenged-in-court

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A report on the service offered by the Greek public administration, released
    in January 1998, contains proposals aimed at achieving greater efficiency,
    greater responsibility amongst public servants, better management of the
    workforce and a better response to citizens' needs.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The adjustment of Spain's national minimum wage in line with the projected
    rate of inflation for 1998 is considered insufficient by the trade unions. A
    dispute has arisen owing to the loss of the minimum wage's purchasing power,
    repeated failures to increase it and its wide differential with the average
    national wage, at a time when the Spanish economy is progressing favourably.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A report published by the Statistical Office of the European Communities
    (Eurostat) on 9 December 1997 shows that, despite the adoption of equal pay
    legislation at European level more than 20 years ago, a large pay gap remains
    between men and women. The report (, Eurostat statistics in focus, Population
    and social conditions, 15/97 [1]), summarises the findings of a survey on pay
    in four Member States and gives the hourly earnings of women as a percentage
    of those of men as 84% in Sweden, 73% in France and Spain and just over 64%
    in the UK. The study includes data on both full- and part-time workers, but
    excludes overtime payments (which means that in certain occupations, pay gaps
    are likely to be underestimated as women are less likely than men to work
    overtime).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/en/comm/eurostat/compres/en/9597/6309597a.htm

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, management and company works council [1] at the German car
    producer Audi AG concluded a works agreement on the introduction of a new
    permanent profit-sharing system for all employees, which comes into effect
    from 1998. This is the latest in a number of new personnel policies that have
    been introduced since 1988. Furthermore, both sides agreed the continuation
    of the 1996 agreement entitled /Audi for work and maintenance of the
    production location/ (Audi für Arbeit und Standortsicherung).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Recent statistics from Danmarks Statistik, the official statistical office,
    show that unskilled male workers' share of total employment in Denmark has
    remained unchanged at 18% over the period from 1980 to 1996. Overall, the
    share of all unskilled workers dropped from 23% in 1980 to 20% in 1996. The
    largest change has occurred for unskilled female workers, whose share dropped
    from 26% in 1980 to 21% in 1996. Out of a workforce of 2.8 million,
    approximately one million workers are categorised as "unskilled" or
    "lower-skilled" in Denmark.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

No results were found.