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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the end of January 1998, the Low Pay Commission [1] (LPC) completed its
    oral hearings on the forthcoming National Minimum Wage (NMW) in sessions with
    the Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equality and
    UNISON, public sector union which is the UK's largest union. The LPC will now
    have to consider more than 400 pieces of written evidence, along with the
    results of hearings with companies, employees, trade unions and other bodies.
    The LPC's findings are expected to be published later in the spring of 1998,
    along with a recommendation for a NMW rate (UK9711177F [2]).


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In 1957, the German Trade Union Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB)
    and its affiliated trade unions set up a joint company pension scheme
    (Unterstützungsfonds) for their employees. Traditionally, the scheme was
    financed on a pay-as-you-go basis. In the last couple of years, however, the
    financing of the pension scheme has become increasingly problematic for a
    number of reasons:

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The revised Basic Agreement between Norway's LO trade union confederation and
    NHO employers' organisation was approved in February 1998. The attempt to
    extend the agreement's new provisions on the minimum level of members
    required for a union to enter into a collective agreement to other basic
    agreements, has led to complications in the negotiations between NHO and the
    YS vocational union confederation.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 11 June 1997 Parliament instructed the Ministry of Labour, Health and
    Social Affairs (Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales,
    BMAGS) to devise, by the end of the year, amendments to the Works
    Constitution Act (Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz, ArbVG) that would remove
    citizenship as a criterion for eligibility in works council elections. A
    similar amendment was demanded for the Chamber of Labour Act
    (Arbeiterkammergesetz, AKG) (AT9706121N [1]). One week late, on 8 January
    1998, the Ministry circulated draft amendments to the AKG for review by the
    social partners, other ministries, and provincial governments. In the
    covering letter, the Ministry asked for comments not only on the Chamber of
    Labour Act but also on similar proposed changes to the ArbVG. The review
    period ended on 9 February 1998 but some organisations were still working on
    their response by the end of the month, one of them being the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB).


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Following the recent demonstrations by unemployed groups, the French Prime
    Minister, Lionel Jospin, announced in February 1998 the main measures that
    the Government will be implementing to assist those most affected by

  • Report
    17 februar 1998

    This working paper consists of examples of good practice in combating age barriers in employment in a variety of European countries. Its primary intention is to inform the debate in Europe about age and employment by providing practical examples of how 'different' private and public organisations have set about trying to minimise the impact of age barriers in job recruitment and training.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    celebrates the 100th anniversary of its creation in 1998. The celebration
    will be most noticeable through a wide range of cultural and union activities
    unfolding throughout the year (which will be reported in subsequent EIRO
    records), and here we take the opportunity to look at recent developments in
    LO's organisation, membership and political links.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In the past decade, Ireland has developed a system of social participation
    which plays a major role in the conduct of economic and social policy. This
    approach began in 1987, with a three-year agreement [1] between the
    Government, the trade union movement, employers and agricultural interests.
    This lifted the country from the deep economic and social crisis of the 1980s
    and facilitated a return to growth. That agreement was followed by three
    further social partnership programmes, the latest of which is /Partnership
    2000/ (IE9702103F [2]). These agreements determine the growth of pay in both
    the public and private sector, but also embody a negotiated approach to a
    wide range of economic and social policies. The consensus which underpinned
    these agreements was, to a large extent, developed in the National Economic
    and Social Council (NESC), a deliberative body in which the social partners
    and senior civil servants undertake analysis and discussion of strategic
    issues. Following agreement on the strategic priorities, negotiation of the
    programmes was undertaken in a separate body, the Central Review Committee,
    which also monitors the implementation of the programmes.


  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Spanish trade unions and employers' organisations which signed the
    important labour market reform agreements in April 1997 (the "April
    agreements") have carried out a review of their results over the first six
    months, which was published in January 1998. The social partners agree in
    general that the results are positive, but have reservations on some points.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Luxembourg's two public transport trade unions called a 48-hour strike in
    January 1998 in protest against the Government's intention to reduce their
    members' pensions.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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