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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of branch-level
    collective agreements (branchenbezogene Flächentarifverträge) has been in
    an continuing process of change in the direction of a differentiation between
    companies of collectively agreed norms and standards, and a decentralisation
    of bargaining competence to the company level. Two basic paths to
    decentralisation can be distinguished:

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In 1993, the Restaurants and Brewery Workers Union in Denmark (Restaurations-
    og Bryggeriarbejder Forbund i Danmark, RBF) signed a collective agreement
    with a nationwide restaurant chain. RBF was able to come to terms with the
    restaurant chain, which was not a member of an employers' organisation, only
    by agreeing to less favourable terms and conditions (in terms of flexible
    working hours and overtime premia) than those specified in its main agreement
    with the sectoral employers' association, the Association of the Hotel,
    Restaurant, and Leisure Industry in Denmark (Hotel, Restaurations- og
    Turisterhvervets Arbejdsgiverforening, HORESTA).

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    At the beginning of 1997 the Minister for Equal Opportunities Affairs, Labour
    Law and Working Hours appointed the director general of the National
    Institute of Economic Research, Svante Öberg, as a special investigator with
    the task of proposing measures to promote a satisfactory system of pay
    determination (SE9704111F [1]). On 27 November 1997, he presented his first
    results (Medlingsinstitut och lönestatistikSOU 1997:164).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/new-rules-for-pay-determination-claimed-to-lead-to-better-agreements

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    At the beginning of December 1997, the Austrian Government announced plans
    for a "clean workplace campaign" (Aktion sauberer Arbeitsplatz) aimed at
    combating illegal employment. The main objective is to get a better grip on
    taxable income but a secondary aim is clearly to please the social partners
    after 1997's acrimonious pensions debate (AT9709134N [1]). At the Ministry of
    Labour, Health and Social Affairs (Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit
    und Soziales, BMAGS), six working groups were set up with a remit to devise
    tighter controls and more adequate penalties. In all working groups, the
    social partners are included along with representatives of various
    ministries.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/pensions-reform-remains-a-divisive-issue

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Traditionally there has not been a great deal of rivalry over members between
    the different employers' organisations in Norway, and in most cases the
    boundaries between the largest organisations have been clear. Recently,
    however, there have been indications that in the future we will see increased
    rivalry over members. The two largest employers' organisations, the
    Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO) and the Commercial
    Employers' Association (HSH), both have ambitions of continued membership
    growth.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Following the special Jobs Summit [1] which took place in Luxembourg on 20-21
    November 1997 (EU9711168F [2]), the European Commission adopted a final
    proposal for Guidelines for Member States' employment policies for 1998 [3]
    on 3 December 1997. The proposal, which was adopted by the Council of Labour
    and Social Affairs Ministers on 15 December 1997 (EU9712175N [4]), launches
    the European employment strategy agreed at the Amsterdam European Council
    meeting in June 1997 (EU9706133N [5]). These guidelines now have to be
    incorporated into national employment action plans drawn up by the Member
    States in the form of national objectives. Member States are committed to
    submitting these plans in time for their examination by the European Council
    meeting to take place in Cardiff in June 1998. The implementation of these
    guidelines will be monitored regularly and an annual report will be produced
    by the Commission. This approach draws on the existing practice of
    multiannual surveillance established after the December 1994 Essen summit, to
    monitor the implementation of the recommendation drawn up at that meeting.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/papers/guide2.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-affairs-council-adopts-directive-to-implement-part-time-work-agreement
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/amsterdam-summit-agrees-new-draft-treaty

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Toyota, the Japan-based motor manufacturer, has a UK plant at Burnaston in
    Derbyshire, which is said to have the third-highest productivity levels of
    any car plant in Europe. It was widely expected that the company would
    continue its investment in the UK by building a new plant aimed at production
    for the small-car market in that country. However, on 10 December 1997, the
    announcement was made that the GBP 400 million assembly plant, which is
    likely to create over 2,000 jobs, will be built in Valenciennes, northern
    France.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In November 1997, Luxembourg's Social Institute hosted a debate involving
    trade unions and employers on the Government's plan to introduce "dependence
    insurance", to cover against becoming dependent through disability, illness
    or age.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    After more than eight months of negotiations, new collective agreements were
    concluded in November and December 1997 for the 1.8 million or so employees
    in the west German retail trade, ending the 1997 collective bargaining round.
    New agreements were concluded in most regional bargaining areas between the
    trade union responsible, Gewerkschaft Handel Banken Versicherungen (HBV), and
    the regional employers' associations - which are members of the national peak
    employers' association for the retail trade, Hauptverband des Deutschen
    Einzelhandels (HDE).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications