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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Denmark has experienced five years of uninterrupted economic recovery, and in
    1997 economic growth was estimated at approximately 3%. This has led to
    sizeable reductions in unemployment rates which have few parallels in Europe
    during this decade. Unemployment has been reduced from a record-high rate of
    12.4% in 1993 to 7.4% in December 1997 - a reduction equal to 205,800
    unemployed persons. The reduction has been beneficial for all groups, and
    especially for women. These positive tendencies are mirrored by an
    improvement in general government finances. Denmark will be one of the first
    countries in Europe to be able to show a surplus on the general government
    account in 1997. The current surplus of 0.7% is expected to increase to DKK
    14 billion (ECU 1.9 billion) or 1.2% of GDP in 1998. Inflation stood at 1.9%
    in 1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The Irish economy has performed exceptionally well in recent years, with
    annual GNP growth averaging 6%-7% between 1994 and 1996 and standing at 6.6%
    in 1997, according to Eurostat figures. This has resulted in increased
    prosperity and living standards, and these trends are forecast to continue
    over the short to medium term. Inflation averaged 2.2% over 1994-6, and is
    expected to remain at around 2% in the foreseeable future (Eurostat puts the
    1997 figure at 1.2%). The General Government Deficit was reduced from 2.2 %
    of GDP in 1993 to around 1.5% in 1996 - Eurostat estimates a public surplus
    of 0.9% of GDP in 1997 - while the debt/GDP ratio fell from 94% in 1993 to
    76% at the end of 1996 - 66.3% in 1997, according to Eurostat. The strong
    performance of the economy has resulted in significant employment growth.
    Indeed, total employment increased by an average of over 45,000 per year
    between 1993 and 1996, while the unemployment rate declined from almost 17%
    in 1993 to just under 13% in 1996 and (according to Eurostat) 10.2% in 1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Toyota, the Japan-based motor manufacturer, has a UK plant at Burnaston in
    Derbyshire, which is said to have the third-highest productivity levels of
    any car plant in Europe. It was widely expected that the company would
    continue its investment in the UK by building a new plant aimed at production
    for the small-car market in that country. However, on 10 December 1997, the
    announcement was made that the GBP 400 million assembly plant, which is
    likely to create over 2,000 jobs, will be built in Valenciennes, northern
    France.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In November 1997, Luxembourg's Social Institute hosted a debate involving
    trade unions and employers on the Government's plan to introduce "dependence
    insurance", to cover against becoming dependent through disability, illness
    or age.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Following the special Jobs Summit [1] which took place in Luxembourg on 20-21
    November 1997 (EU9711168F [2]), the European Commission adopted a final
    proposal for Guidelines for Member States' employment policies for 1998 [3]
    on 3 December 1997. The proposal, which was adopted by the Council of Labour
    and Social Affairs Ministers on 15 December 1997 (EU9712175N [4]), launches
    the European employment strategy agreed at the Amsterdam European Council
    meeting in June 1997 (EU9706133N [5]). These guidelines now have to be
    incorporated into national employment action plans drawn up by the Member
    States in the form of national objectives. Member States are committed to
    submitting these plans in time for their examination by the European Council
    meeting to take place in Cardiff in June 1998. The implementation of these
    guidelines will be monitored regularly and an annual report will be produced
    by the Commission. This approach draws on the existing practice of
    multiannual surveillance established after the December 1994 Essen summit, to
    monitor the implementation of the recommendation drawn up at that meeting.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/papers/guide2.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-affairs-council-adopts-directive-to-implement-part-time-work-agreement
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/amsterdam-summit-agrees-new-draft-treaty

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    An agreement was concluded on 10 October 1997 between Norway Post and the
    Joint Federation of Postal Employees.The latter is the cooperation body for
    the two unions that organise the majority of employees in the postal service,
    the Norwegian Union of Postal Employees (DNP) and the Norwegian Union of
    Postal Workers (NPF), both of which are affiliated to the Norwegian
    Confederation of Trade Unions (LO). The agreement aims at creating a new
    infrastructure for postal operations, which involves a reduction in the
    number of sorting offices in operation. Also included in this agreement are
    measures to safeguard the jobs of approximately 1,500 employees adversely
    affected by this reorganisation.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The economic situation in Austria proved stable in 1997, with growth rates
    reaching 2% in real terms. These are expected to rise further to 2.7% in
    1998. Economic growth was largely export-driven as the increase in domestic
    incomes was limited. Inflation was reduced to 1.4% and is expected to remain
    at this level in 1998. The level of unemployment was steady at 4.4% and is
    expected to decrease only slightly in 1998. The budget deficit amounted to
    2.5% of GDP, which is half of the 1995 level, and it is expected that this
    decrease will continue.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    It was with confidence that the Social Democrat Government presented its
    report on the Swedish economy in 1997. When it took office in 1994, Sweden
    had one of the biggest public sector deficits in the European Union. In 1997,
    it was reduced to 0.4% of GDP, measured by EU accounting principles, and the
    consolidated debt ratio had fallen for three consecutive years. "This is a
    signal to other countries that Sweden's decision to stay outside the monetary
    union at the start is not because of a wish to pursue a less responsible
    policy than other EU member states," the Minister of Finance, Erik Åsbrink,
    commented.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 15 December 1997, the employers' association for newspaper publishers,
    Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger (BDZV) and the two trade unions
    which organise journalists, IG Medien and Deutscher Journalisten-Verband
    (DJV), signed new collective agreements for the 17,000 or so journalists on
    daily newspapers. The negotiations, lasting more than three months, were
    overshadowed by strong demands for further cost reductions by the employers
    on the one hand, and accompanied by several union protest actions and warning
    strikes (Warnstreiks) on the other hand. Finally, the collective bargaining
    parties agreed on the following provisions:

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications