Publications

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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The retailing and wholesaling pay negotiations for 1998, begun on 8 October
    1997, were concluded on 31 October 1997. The Trade Union of Salaried
    Employees (Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten, GPA) had initially demanded a
    3.5% hike in minimum rates while the Austrian Chamber of the Economy
    (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ) offered fixed amounts varying by grade
    and resulting, on average, in a pay rise below inflation (AT9710140N [1]).
    The social partners finally settled for an average 1.7% increase in minimum
    salaries from 1 January 1998 and a maintenance of the absolute difference
    between minimum and actual salaries. Apprenticeship remuneration will be
    raised by 1.6%. Given that inflation is expected to run at 1.4% ,a very
    moderate rise in real incomes was thus achieved. Some 320,000 employees
    (60%-70% are women) - about 10% of the country's workforce - are directly
    affected by the new agreement and another 130,000 indirectly because their
    wage or salary settlements usually reflect the one concluded in commerce. One
    year previously, GPA asked for a 4.5% pay rise and eventually agreed to an
    average 1.95%.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/retail-salaries-under-negotiation

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    A decision made in October 1997 by the Mediation and Arbitration Service
    (OMED) regulates wages and working conditions more favourably throughout
    Greece for workers in enterprises providing security services, an
    increasingly important branch of the services sector.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    At the end of 1997, the First Chamber of the Dutch Parliament rejected a
    proposal to give employees the legal right to work part time. Employers
    opposed the bill, while the trade unions were divided on the subject.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 27 November 1997, the Finnish Firefighters' Union (Suomen Palomiesliitto,
    SPAL) called a strike which continues at the time of writing (11 December).
    The action arises from disagreements about firefighters' pay system, working
    hours and retirement age. An attempt at conciliation ended without results
    and the national conciliator, Juhani Salonius, came to the conclusion that
    the parties stood so far apart that not even a proposal for a settlement
    could be made.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In December 1997, the Italian State Railways signed an agreement with
    transport workers' trade unions on the management of redundancies. The
    agreement provides for the creation of a fund to deal with redundant staff by
    means of "mobility" procedures, the Wages Guarantee Fund, job-security
    agreements and early retirement. An important aspect of the agreement was the
    mediation by the Government.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In late 1997, the Committee on Freedom of Association of the International
    Labour Organisation (ILO) issued a report favourable to the pay claims of
    Spanish civil servants.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    EUROCADRES (the Council for European Professional and Managerial Staff)
    represents over 4 million professional and managerial staff in Europe who are
    members of trade unions affiliated to the European Trade Union Confederation.
    The organisation hosted a conference on 2-3 December 1997 to showcase what it
    sees as the underpublicised problem of long working hours among Europe's
    managers. Trends in working hours for these workers, who are potentially
    excluded from the coverage of much of the 1993 EU Directive on certain
    aspects of the organisation of working time (93/104/EC [1]), have run counter
    to the general trend towards a reduction of working hours. The conference,
    which was attended by 150 individuals from among EUROCADRES' member
    organisations and other European and national social partner organisations
    and institutions, focused on the findings of a report on /Professional
    employees' working hours in Europe/ produced by Jean-Yves Boulin (University
    of Paris-Dauphine) and Robert Plasman (Free University of Brussels).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/sg/scadplus/leg/en/cha/c10405.htm

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 11 November 1997, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment in
    case of Hellmut Marschall v Land Nordrhine-Westphalia (C-409/95) [1],
    according to which a national law which guarantees priority for women in
    promotions in the public sector in cases where there are male and female
    candidates who are equally qualified for the post in question does not
    conflict with Community law provided that certain conditions are satisfied.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/jurisp/cgi-bin/form.pl?lang=en&numaff=C-409/95&datefs=&datefe=&nomusuel=&domaine=&mots=&resmax=100&Submit=Submit

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    HK/Industri- the industrial section of the Union of Commercial and Clerical
    Employees in Denmark (Handels- og Kontorfunktionærernes Forbund, HK) - has
    published a comprehensive proposal on a "European collective industrial
    relations system". The aim is to initiate a debate on how European-wide
    industrial relations issues can be resolved. The union proposes the
    conclusion of transnational agreements, with an industrial tribunal to
    adjudicate on matters of dispute. These proposals were presented at a
    conference in Denmark on 28-29 November and at a press conference in Brussels
    on 8 December.

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications