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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    According to the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt), German
    real GDP grew at a rate of 2.2% in 1997. As regards the Maastricht
    convergence criteria, the budget deficit reached 2.7% of GDP, whereas public
    debt amounted to 61.3% of GDP. On average, unemployment stood at 11.4% of the
    civilian labour force - 9.8% in the west and 18.1% in the east. Inflation, as
    measured by the consumer price index, amounted to 1.8%.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Developments in European Union (EU) and national-level policy with a direct
    impact on industrial relations were influenced by a number of key trends and
    events in 1997, many of which are set to continue to be of relevance in the
    policy debate in 1998:

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The introduction of a statutory National Minimum Wage (NMW) was one of the
    commitments of the Labour Government that came to power in May 1997
    (UK9704125F [1]), and the National Minimum Wage Bill was published on 27
    November and received its first reading in Parliament. Margaret Beckett, the
    President of the Board of Trade, who is responsible for the bill, said that
    it would set the framework within which the Government would introduce the
    NMW, once it had carefully considered the recommendations of the Low Pay
    Commission [2] (LPC). The bill, she stated, will enable the Government to
    introduce a NMW which is as simple and universal as possible (UK9711177F
    [3]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government
    [2] http://www.dti.gov.uk/lowpay/
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/the-national-minimum-wage-an-update

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    During the spring of 1998, Norway's two-year pay agreements will be
    renegotiated. A tight labour market, increased public spending and reports of
    high wage increases amongst management has led to a certain uneasiness prior
    to the 1998 private sector pay settlement. The trade unions' strategy and
    claims for the 1998 settlement will not be decided upon before the general
    council of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions' (LO) meets in
    February 1998. At this meeting, both the type of settlement and the main
    claims will be decided upon.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Strikes and demonstrations in December 1997 indicated that social unrest is
    rising in Belgium's care services sector, where workers feel threatened by
    budgetary cuts. Workers want to defend not only the volume but also the
    quality of employment in this sector.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Spain's UGT and CC.OO trade union confederations want to put employment at
    the top of their collective bargaining agenda in 1998. Job creation and
    promoting secure employment are the main demands.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The 40-hour statutory working week finally came into force in Portugal on 1
    December 1997. This feature discusses the implementation phase, over the
    first year of the 40-hour week law. The simultaneous introduction of a
    reduction in working time and new forms of flexibility have led to conflict
    in a number of sectors.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications