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  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Swedish employees are entitled to leave of absence for a number of reasons,
    and the Government's plans to introduce yet another one - for starting or
    working in their own businesses - were not met with overwhelming enthusiasm
    when they were made public in spring 1997. The Swedish Employers'
    Confederation (Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) and the National Agency
    for Government Employers (Arbetsgivarverket) objected, and the Swedish Trade
    Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen, LO) doubted that there was a need
    for an act of the kind proposed.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Minister for Women's Affairs has made it clear that she wishes to make
    progress in 1998 on the issue of women's careers in enterprises. Studies in
    the past years have proven the existence of a "glass ceiling" through which
    women are unlikely to pass. An 11-point women's petition submitted to
    Parliament in 1997 put combating this glass ceiling first on the list of
    demands. Specifically, the petition suggested that companies should be
    excluded from public contracts and subsidies unless they had taken measures
    to employ women at all hierarchical levels in proportion to their share in
    the population. The Ministry sees little opportunity to go quite that far,
    but it does want to take action in this direction.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    On 24 November 1997, the general meeting of the peak employers' association
    (Vereinigung der Arbeitgeberverbände in Bayern, VAB) in the federal state
    (Land) of Bavaria decided to merge with the Bavarian peak trade association
    (Landesverband der Bayerischen Industrie, LBI). The new Landpeak association
    for Bavarian enterprises is called Vereinigung der Bayerischen Wirtschaft
    (VBW). On 17 December the constituent assembly of the VBW elected Erich
    Sennebogen as president.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Although half of the private sector bargaining area conducted collective
    bargaining in the spring (DK9705110F [1]), 1997 was a relatively peaceful
    year on the Danish labour market, with fewer conflicts than in previous years
    when bargaining occurred. According to statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) the number of working days
    lost due to industrial action in 1997 - at 82,992 days - was significantly
    lower than in 1995 and 1993. The main reason for the lower figure is that
    only half of the private sector area conducted collective bargaining in 1997,
    while the whole area did so in 1995 and 1993.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-1997-danish-collective-bargaining-round-completed

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Ireland's Labour Court made its biggest ever individual equal pay award
    recently when it held that four communications assistants represented by the
    Civil and Public Services Union (CPSU) and employed by the Irish Aviation
    Authority were entitled to equal pay with two male radio officers. The
    government department with overall responsibility for the Authority, the
    Department of Public Enterprise, has decided to accept the ruling, which was
    issued on 28 November 1997 and which means each of the four women will
    receive a total of IEP 100,000 on a backdated basis.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A strike in the mining companies, Hunosa and Minas de Figaredo, escalated
    into a well-supported general strike in the whole Spanish mining industry in
    January 1998.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    There has, in recent years, been an increasing focus on corporate conduct in
    terms of social, ethical and environmental performance. The experience of
    large multinational corporations such as Nike and Shell, which have been
    faced with protest campaigns against their social and environmental policies,
    has galvanised actors in this area. Many organisations are beginning to
    recognise that their profitability in the long term depends as much on on
    their performance in satisfying the aspirations of their "stakeholders" -
    including customers, suppliers, employees, local communities, investors,
    governments, and interest groups - in terms of their social and environmental
    record, as it does on price and quality.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Since the 1980s, intense product market competition among the industrialised
    countries has led to a search for new products and new methods of production.
    At the same time, new technology is changing the ways that labour markets
    work and UK labour institutions have increasingly come into question. The UK
    in particular has experienced a sharp decline in the coverage of collective
    bargaining and of unionisation. Most of these developments have either been
    the consequence of, or the reason for, increasing flexibility. Yet what is
    "flexibility", what does it mean and what is it doing?

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A new three-year collective agreement was signed at Cargolux SA, the
    Luxembourg air freight company, in December 1997. It contains substantial
    improvements, including the restoration of certain benefits lost in 1995.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    An unusual collective agreement has been concluded between the Swedish Energy
    Employers' Association (Energiföretagens Arbetsgivareförening, EFA) on the
    one hand, and the Association of Graduate Engineers
    (Civilingenjörsförbundet, CF), the Swedish Union for Technical and Clerical
    Employees in Industry and Services (Svenska Industritjänstemannaförbundet
    SIF), the Association of Management and Professional Staff (Ledarna) and the
    Union of Service and Communication (SEKO) on the other. The agreement, which
    came into force on 1 January 1998, regulates general terms of employment for
    around 15,000 workers in private energy enterprises and in the state-owned
    Vattenfall group. The agreement fulfils many of the current requirements put
    forward by employers, and the managing director of EFA, Björn Tibell, calls
    it "pioneering".

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications