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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Luxembourg has continued to experience a period of economic growth. The
    public debt accounted for 6.7% of GDP in 1997, and projections for 1998 are
    in the order of 7.7%. Eurostat calculates a public spending surplus of 1.7%
    in 1997 and the state budget for 1998 is virtually balanced. The population
    is 418,300 (of whom 142,800 are foreigners), while total employment stood at
    224,000 at the end of 1997, of whom 63,200 are cross-border workers.
    Unemployment is rising slowly and stood at 3.6% at the end of 1997. The rate
    of inflation was 1.4% in 1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 15 December 1997, the employers' association for newspaper publishers,
    Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger (BDZV) and the two trade unions
    which organise journalists, IG Medien and Deutscher Journalisten-Verband
    (DJV), signed new collective agreements for the 17,000 or so journalists on
    daily newspapers. The negotiations, lasting more than three months, were
    overshadowed by strong demands for further cost reductions by the employers
    on the one hand, and accompanied by several union protest actions and warning
    strikes (Warnstreiks) on the other hand. Finally, the collective bargaining
    parties agreed on the following provisions:

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    A confidential interim report into industrial and employee relations in An
    Post, Ireland's state-owned postal company, highlights the adversarial nature
    of its industrial relations structures and practices and how these are
    inhibiting the development of a more customer focused business. The report,
    which was submitted to the company's chair, Stephen O'Connor, in February
    1997 was carried out by a subsidiary of the Irish Business and Employers
    Confederation (IBEC) - Employee Relations Services (ERS). It was featured in
    the industrial relations weekly, /Industrial Relations News/, in December
    1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Meeting in Brussels on 15 December 1997, the Council of Labour and Social
    Affairs Ministers unanimously adopted a Directive to implement the framework
    agreement on part-time work [1] concluded by the Union of Industrial and
    Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Centre of
    Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic
    Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) on 6 June
    1997 (EU9706131F [2]). This agreement aims to institute the principle of
    non-discrimination for part-time workers and to facilitate the development of
    part-time work on a voluntary basis and to contribute to the flexible
    organisation of working time in a manner which takes into account the needs
    of employers and workers. It also seeks to ensure that the equal treatment of
    part-time workers in terms of pay (pro rata) and working conditions is
    applied, unless there are "objective reasons" for differential treatment.
    Clause 5 of the agreement calls upon Member States to review any obstacles
    which may limited opportunities for part-time work and, where appropriate, to
    eliminate them.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/parttime_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Dismissed trade union delegates and the management of Boston Scientific, a
    medical equipment company which relocated operations from Belgium to Ireland
    in 1997, are still fighting it out in the Belgian courts at the end of the
    year. This legal battle is part of a union strategy to fight closures and
    relocations carried out by multinationals.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The leaders of the Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions (LO) and the
    Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations (AF), Yngve Hågensen (LO)
    and Magne Songvoll (AF), made headlines on 1 December 1997 when they called
    for their members to boycott Norway's largest commercial bank, Den Norske
    Bank (DnB). This followed DnB's decision to introduce new service charges and
    to raise existing service charges from 1 November 1997. This is only the
    latest of many clashes between the trade unions and the banking sector in
    Norway on the issue of service charges. An opinion poll commissioned by LO
    and AF revealed that a majority of the people asked expressed dissatisfaction
    with existing service charges in the banking sector in general. The proposed
    boycott was not directed at the DnB alone, but the bank was made the main
    target due to its size and the scale of its service fees. DnB later
    reconsidered its original decision, and decided to lower charges on some
    services.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    The introduction of a statutory National Minimum Wage (NMW) was one of the
    commitments of the Labour Government that came to power in May 1997
    (UK9704125F [1]), and the National Minimum Wage Bill was published on 27
    November and received its first reading in Parliament. Margaret Beckett, the
    President of the Board of Trade, who is responsible for the bill, said that
    it would set the framework within which the Government would introduce the
    NMW, once it had carefully considered the recommendations of the Low Pay
    Commission [2] (LPC). The bill, she stated, will enable the Government to
    introduce a NMW which is as simple and universal as possible (UK9711177F
    [3]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government
    [2] http://www.dti.gov.uk/lowpay/
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/the-national-minimum-wage-an-update

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    According to the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt), German
    real GDP grew at a rate of 2.2% in 1997. As regards the Maastricht
    convergence criteria, the budget deficit reached 2.7% of GDP, whereas public
    debt amounted to 61.3% of GDP. On average, unemployment stood at 11.4% of the
    civilian labour force - 9.8% in the west and 18.1% in the east. Inflation, as
    measured by the consumer price index, amounted to 1.8%.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications