Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At the beginning of January 1998, Jaguar, part of the US-based Ford motor
    manufacturing group, announced that it is to produce a new smaller luxury
    sports car to compete with the BMW 3 series and the Mercedes class 3.
    Jaguar's chair and chief executive, Nick Scheele said that :"our preference,
    naturally was to build the car in the UK and I regret that we are not able to
    produce an affordable investment proposition to make the new car at our
    plants in the West Midlands but I am pleased that we will be going to

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Federation of Transport Workers' Unions in the European Union (FST) and
    theEuropean Community Shipowners' Association (ECSA) agreed a joint text on
    working time and time off aboard ship in December 1997. The approximately
    128,000 EU nationals and 26,000 non-EU nationals employed in the maritime
    sector are among the workers excluded from the provisions of the EU Directive
    (93/104/EC) on certain aspects of the organisation of working time.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The average wage growth in 1997 for Norwegian wage earners is estimated to
    have been 4.25%, according to statistics compiled as a basis for the 1998
    bargaining round. For the first time, wage growth for top management within
    the private sector has also been estimated, and it is indicated that top
    managers have had higher than average wage growth.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Bargaining over equal opportunities has been a central element in the 1998
    round of negotiations in the Portuguese footwear industry. Even though equal
    rights and, above all, equal pay are guaranteed by law and collective
    bargaining, inequality continues because of structural and cultural factors.
    Positive actions taken by workers and trade unions have centred around
    structuring careers and overcoming cultural barriers.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    /EIROnline/ is a database on industrial relations in Europe which can be
    accessed directly through a website on the Worldwide Web. Speaking at the
    launch event held in Brussels on 22 January 1998, Pádraig Flynn, the member
    of the European Commission responsible for employment, social affairs and
    industrial relations said that: "I am convinced that EIROnline will be an
    invaluable resource for social partners, governments and EU institutions, not
    to mention all EU citizens with an interest in industrial relations." Mr
    Flynn added that "in today's ever more integrated European economy, where
    employment is the number one priority, industrial relations are increasingly
    important and practitioners and policy-makers need to keep up with
    developments in this field in all the countries of the Union. EIROnline goes
    a long way towards meeting these needs."

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In late 1997, a legislative proposal was submitted to the Dutch Parliament to
    reduce the use of anti-takeover measures in listed companies. A few months
    earlier, the Corporate Governance Committee had issued its final report.
    Discussions surrounding corporate governance have focused on the position of
    shareholders vis-à-vis the management board and the supervisory board
    members. The trade union movement has particularly criticised the lack of
    attention paid to workers' interests.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, management and trade unions signed a major agreement on the
    reorganisation of Barilla - Italy's largest food group - and on investments
    and new jobs.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The four-year dispute between the workers and management of the Barcelona
    Metro seems to have come to an end in January 1998, with the acceptance by
    70% of the workforce of the pension plan that the UGT and CC.OO trade unions
    negotiated with the company.


  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications