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  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Prompted by the fatal accident that took place on 3 January 1998 in a paper
    mill in Thrace, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) has proposed
    a series of measures to deal with the problem of industrial accidents. The
    accident once again brought to the fore the question of health and safety at
    the workplace, highlighting the nationwide problem of non-implementation of
    the proper measures. The GSEE attributes industrial accidents to reductions
    in production costs which have a negative impact on safety conditions.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, the Finnish social partners signed an incomes policy
    agreement for the period from January 1998 to January 2000. The agreement -
    which is probably one of the most comprehensive in Finnish history, covering
    over 98% of wage-earners - provides for pay increases which will raise
    average labour costs by about 2.6% in 1998 and 1.7% in 1999.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A first collective agreement regulating the terms and conditions of
    employment for employees of Italy's temporary work agencies was signed by
    sectoral trade unions and employers' associations in December 1997.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The trade union in the Netherlands' trend-setting metalworking industry is
    demanding a 4.75% increase in pay for 1998. By contrast, the VNO-NCW
    employers' organisation wants to eliminate pay scales based on automatic wage
    increases and would rather pay variable wages based on individual

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In January 1998, both the UGT and CC.OO trade union confederations proposed
    measures aimed at improving the situation of unemployed people in Spain. UGT
    has proposed the creation of a branch for unemployed people within the trade
    union and CC.OO has suggested lower taxes for them.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Worker representatives are aiming to guarantee acquired rights at Petrogal, a
    Portuguese oil-refining company which is engaged in a process of
    "outsourcing", and the dispute resulted in strike action in December 1997.
    Information and consultation are seen as mechanisms through which workers can

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Greek Government is seeking to alter the way in which labour relations
    are conducted in public enterprises, by means of an article of a taxation
    bill submitted to Parliament in January 1998. This has aroused strong
    opposition amongst the trade unions and has given rise to strike action.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Finnish Ship's Officers Union has not approved the country's new central
    incomes policy agreement, which was signed on 12 December 1997 by STTK, the
    confederation to which it belongs. According to the union, the reason for its
    refusal is an imbalance in pay between crew and officers, which need to be

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Labour flexibility has returned to the agenda in Italy after the Cgil, Cisl
    and Uil trade union confederations reached agreement in December 1997 on
    "guidelines to follow in negotiations between the social partners to support
    the growth of investment and job creation in the Mezzogiorno". The agreement
    has provided the opportunity for discussion of some of the issues that will
    be addressed in forthcoming talks on both the 35-hour working week and the
    revision of the central agreement of July 1993.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    December 1997 and January 1998 have seen industrial action in public
    transport and refuse collection, called by the Dutch civil service trade
    union, AbvaKabo, in support of wage claims by workers recruited on several
    job-creation schemes. Amsterdam city council will meet the demands, while the
    city of Leiden has also taken a positive stance.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications

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