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  • Article
    27 november 1997

    An agreement was signed on 28 October 1997 by trade unions and the Italian
    toy-manufacturing multinational, Artsana, which provides for the respect of
    ILO conventions in the group's production plants abroad.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    On Friday 17 October 1997, it became public knowledge that four of the trade
    unions affiliated to the Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations
    (Akademikernes Fellesorganiasjon, AF) were in the process of establishing a
    new confederation for academically qualified workers, together with the
    Norwegian Medical Association (Den norske lægeforening), previously
    affiliated to AF (NO9710131N [1]). The four organisations concerned are
    Norwegian Society of Chartered Engineers (Norske Sivilingeniørers Forening),
    The Norwegian Federation of Business Economists (Norske Siviløkonomers
    Forening), The Norwegian Dental Association (Den norske Tannlægeforening)
    and the Association of Norwegian Lawyers (Norges Juristforbund). Since this
    date, three additional AF-affiliated unions have expressed a wish to transfer
    to the new confederation. These are the unions organising architects,
    veterinarians and psychologists.


  • Article
    27 november 1997

    In Austria, there is a legal entitlement to early retirement when a person:
    has drawn unemployment benefits for at least 12 of the last 15 months; is
    aged over 55 years (women) or over 60 (men); and has accumulated at least 180
    months (15 years) of contributions to the pension insurance scheme. At least
    120 of the 180 months of contributions have to derive from actual employment,
    while the remainder may derive from periods of child-rearing of up to 48
    months per child. The pension entitlement lapses if new employment is entered

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The social partners in Finland's municipal government sector conducted a
    survey in early November 1997 concerning estimates of possible cuts in
    expenditure for the next year. Every fourth municipality is about to lay off
    or dismiss employees or use local "savings agreements".

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The board of directors of Aceralia, a steel-making group that is in the
    process of being privatised, was constituted in November 1997. Its members
    include the general secretaries of the metalworking federations of the UGT
    and CC.OO union confederations, thereby making it the first private company
    in Spain with union representatives on the board.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    A study commissioned by the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) and publicised in late 1997 shows that
    home-based telework has increased by more than expected. Almost 15% of all
    employees and approximately 7%, or 90,000, of LO's members make use of
    home-based telework.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Since deregulation in 1986, the UK's system of pensions provision is seen by
    some to have degenerated into something of a turmoil. Cases of bad practice
    and bad advice by many financial companies have led the Government to order
    compensation for thousands of individuals who were made worse off through
    following advice to take out private pension schemes, rather than stick with
    occupational pension s.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Private sector bus drivers demonstrated outside Luxembourg's Chamber of
    Deputies on 14 October 1997 in support of their claim for a cut in duty time.
    The Minister of Labour and Employment told them that a tripartite meeting
    would take place in January.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Six employers' organisations cooperating under the title of the Swedish
    Federation of Trade, Commerce and Service (Svensk Handel och
    Tjänsteföretagen) and two trade unions for salaried employees, the
    Association of Graduate Engineers (Civilingenjörsförbundet, CF) and
    Salaried Employees' Union (Handelstjänstemannaförbundet, HTF) were the
    first to reach an agreement on pay for 1998. The agreement, which covers
    around 80,000 workers, runs only until 30 June 1998. This means that,
    according to their new procedural agreement (SE9709139N [1]), the parties
    will have to begin negotiating again in April 1998 at the latest.



  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications