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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    A study of transport conditions for workers in the Athens area, carried out
    between July and October 1997 on behalf of a trade union-based research
    institute, reveals that poor commuting conditions are a factor that causes
    both a deterioration in the quality of life and one million lost working
    hours a year.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Sweden's present act against ethnic discrimination in working life is
    ineffective and should be replaced by a new act as from 1 January 1999. This
    is the conclusion of a committee appointed by the Government to review the
    legislation, which issued its proposals on 1 December 1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Finland's central social partner organisations reached a national incomes
    policy agreement for 1998-2000 in early December 1997 (FI9801145F [1]). The
    deal required approval by the member organisations of the signatory
    confederations, and a deadline of 11 December was set for the completion of
    this ratification process. The settlement was threatened by the failure of
    the Paperworkers' Union (Paperiliitto) - which is considered a key union in
    the incomes policy deal - to meet the deadline, as it sought the resolution
    of outstanding sectoral issues. However, a truce was later achieved in the
    paper industry, with the union prevailing on employers to maintain the
    current position on "outsourcing", allowing the ratification of the central
    agreement. The Paperworkers' Union is an affiliate of the SAK confederation.


  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Talks are currently underway between the Aer Lingus Group and trade unions
    representing 1,500 workers in the state-owned airline's aircraft maintenance
    subsidiary, TEAM Aer Lingus, on how to compensate them for agreeing
    voluntarily to sign away certain legal guarantees which give them the right
    to remain employed by the parent company. The legal guarantees are in the
    form of "letters of comfort", which 1,200 of the 1,500 received when they
    transferred over from the former maintenance and engineering division of Aer
    Lingus to work for the newly created subsidiary, TEAM, in 1990.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The labour and employment parliamentary committee of Luxembourg's Chamber of
    Deputies has been preparing for an orientation debate on employment policy to
    be held in November 1997. It will submit its conclusions in three parts after
    consulting the social partners.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    This feature focuses on the background to a dispute at Renault's operations
    in Portugal, which is continuing in November 1997. It outlines the steps
    taken to create jobs at Renault's Cacia plant in line with a deal signed
    between the company and the Government, and analyses the current state of pay
    negotiations which have led to strike action.


  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications