Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Sweden's present act against ethnic discrimination in working life is
    ineffective and should be replaced by a new act as from 1 January 1999. This
    is the conclusion of a committee appointed by the Government to review the
    legislation, which issued its proposals on 1 December 1997.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Work on Sunday is in principle prohibited in Austria. However, the law
    permits exemptions to be made by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
    for basic necessities or for economic or technological reasons, and by the
    heads of provincial governments for exceptional regional supply purposes. New
    legislation in 1997 also opened the door for the social partners to conclude
    collective agreements permitting Sunday work if this is deemed necessary in
    order to safeguard or create employment (AT9703107N [1]). If the proposed
    Sunday work is to be only temporary and connected with the introduction of
    new technology, an exemption can also be granted by the Central Labour
    Inspectorate (Zentrales Arbeitsinspektorat). Recently, a number of
    enterprises - some industrial, some in retailing, some in other services -
    have made demands for such exemptions. This has, in turn, led to a debate
    among the social partners and the broader public about the use and abuse of
    Sunday work regulations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/more-flexibility-in-sunday-working

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Meaningful pay negotiations at the Portuguese operations of Rhode, a
    prominent German transnational footwear company, have been delayed, prompting
    strike action in November-December 1997. Management is waiting for the
    conclusion of the sectoral agreement before opening the process of
    bargaining.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    A study of transport conditions for workers in the Athens area, carried out
    between July and October 1997 on behalf of a trade union-based research
    institute, reveals that poor commuting conditions are a factor that causes
    both a deterioration in the quality of life and one million lost working
    hours a year.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Finland's central social partner organisations reached a national incomes
    policy agreement for 1998-2000 in early December 1997 (FI9801145F [1]). The
    deal required approval by the member organisations of the signatory
    confederations, and a deadline of 11 December was set for the completion of
    this ratification process. The settlement was threatened by the failure of
    the Paperworkers' Union (Paperiliitto) - which is considered a key union in
    the incomes policy deal - to meet the deadline, as it sought the resolution
    of outstanding sectoral issues. However, a truce was later achieved in the
    paper industry, with the union prevailing on employers to maintain the
    current position on "outsourcing", allowing the ratification of the central
    agreement. The Paperworkers' Union is an affiliate of the SAK confederation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/second-incomes-policy-agreement-for-employment-is-signed

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    As part of an experiment with a new salary system for civil servants, due to
    begin on 1 January 1998, senior civil servants were to negotiate part of
    their salaries on a personal basis without the participation of their trade
    union. This, according to Danish Confederation of Professional Associations
    (Akademikernes Centralorganisation, AC), was in conflict with the Crown
    Servants Act, which provides for a right to collective bargaining. The Crown
    Servants Court upheld AC's contention in a ruling issued on 5 December 1997,
    which in practice will exclude 2,800 of the 3,200 civil servants concerned
    from taking part in the experiments from 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In late 1997, the International Monetary Fund once more asked Spain for
    greater flexibility in its labour market, but stated that it should be based
    on social dialogue. The Prime Minister and several of his ministers have
    stated their support for the introduction of such a new reform, but the trade
    unions are radically opposed to any changes until the results of 1997's
    "April agreements" have been analysed.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Over the five years to 1997, growth and productivity levels in the UK have
    shown above average figures for the EU. In 1997, GDP continued to grow at
    between 3% and 3.5%. Average earnings growth fluctuated within the range of
    4.25% to 4.75%, with average pay awards remaining at around 3% for most of
    1997, but moving towards the 4% mark in the last quarter.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In the context of the special Employment Summit [1] held in Luxembourg on
    20-21 November 1997, the European Centre of Enterprises with Public
    Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) issued
    an "opinion on employment policies in Europe". In the document CEEP outlines
    its priorities in the area of employment policy, with the aim of creating
    more jobs and achieving a more even balance between the economic and social
    aspects of the EU single market.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications