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  • Article
    27 december 1997

    A decision made in October 1997 by the Mediation and Arbitration Service
    (OMED) regulates wages and working conditions more favourably throughout
    Greece for workers in enterprises providing security services, an
    increasingly important branch of the services sector.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    At the end of 1997, the First Chamber of the Dutch Parliament rejected a
    proposal to give employees the legal right to work part time. Employers
    opposed the bill, while the trade unions were divided on the subject.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 27 November 1997, the Finnish Firefighters' Union (Suomen Palomiesliitto,
    SPAL) called a strike which continues at the time of writing (11 December).
    The action arises from disagreements about firefighters' pay system, working
    hours and retirement age. An attempt at conciliation ended without results
    and the national conciliator, Juhani Salonius, came to the conclusion that
    the parties stood so far apart that not even a proposal for a settlement
    could be made.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In December 1997, the Italian State Railways signed an agreement with
    transport workers' trade unions on the management of redundancies. The
    agreement provides for the creation of a fund to deal with redundant staff by
    means of "mobility" procedures, the Wages Guarantee Fund, job-security
    agreements and early retirement. An important aspect of the agreement was the
    mediation by the Government.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    HK/Industri- the industrial section of the Union of Commercial and Clerical
    Employees in Denmark (Handels- og Kontorfunktionærernes Forbund, HK) - has
    published a comprehensive proposal on a "European collective industrial
    relations system". The aim is to initiate a debate on how European-wide
    industrial relations issues can be resolved. The union proposes the
    conclusion of transnational agreements, with an industrial tribunal to
    adjudicate on matters of dispute. These proposals were presented at a
    conference in Denmark on 28-29 November and at a press conference in Brussels
    on 8 December.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    In late 1997, the Committee on Freedom of Association of the International
    Labour Organisation (ILO) issued a report favourable to the pay claims of
    Spanish civil servants.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    EUROCADRES (the Council for European Professional and Managerial Staff)
    represents over 4 million professional and managerial staff in Europe who are
    members of trade unions affiliated to the European Trade Union Confederation.
    The organisation hosted a conference on 2-3 December 1997 to showcase what it
    sees as the underpublicised problem of long working hours among Europe's
    managers. Trends in working hours for these workers, who are potentially
    excluded from the coverage of much of the 1993 EU Directive on certain
    aspects of the organisation of working time (93/104/EC [1]), have run counter
    to the general trend towards a reduction of working hours. The conference,
    which was attended by 150 individuals from among EUROCADRES' member
    organisations and other European and national social partner organisations
    and institutions, focused on the findings of a report on /Professional
    employees' working hours in Europe/ produced by Jean-Yves Boulin (University
    of Paris-Dauphine) and Robert Plasman (Free University of Brussels).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/sg/scadplus/leg/en/cha/c10405.htm

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    On 11 November 1997, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment in
    case of Hellmut Marschall v Land Nordrhine-Westphalia (C-409/95) [1],
    according to which a national law which guarantees priority for women in
    promotions in the public sector in cases where there are male and female
    candidates who are equally qualified for the post in question does not
    conflict with Community law provided that certain conditions are satisfied.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/jurisp/cgi-bin/form.pl?lang=en&numaff=C-409/95&datefs=&datefe=&nomusuel=&domaine=&mots=&resmax=100&Submit=Submit

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Meaningful pay negotiations at the Portuguese operations of Rhode, a
    prominent German transnational footwear company, have been delayed, prompting
    strike action in November-December 1997. Management is waiting for the
    conclusion of the sectoral agreement before opening the process of
    bargaining.

  • Article
    27 december 1997

    Work on Sunday is in principle prohibited in Austria. However, the law
    permits exemptions to be made by the Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
    for basic necessities or for economic or technological reasons, and by the
    heads of provincial governments for exceptional regional supply purposes. New
    legislation in 1997 also opened the door for the social partners to conclude
    collective agreements permitting Sunday work if this is deemed necessary in
    order to safeguard or create employment (AT9703107N [1]). If the proposed
    Sunday work is to be only temporary and connected with the introduction of
    new technology, an exemption can also be granted by the Central Labour
    Inspectorate (Zentrales Arbeitsinspektorat). Recently, a number of
    enterprises - some industrial, some in retailing, some in other services -
    have made demands for such exemptions. This has, in turn, led to a debate
    among the social partners and the broader public about the use and abuse of
    Sunday work regulations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/more-flexibility-in-sunday-working

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications