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  • Article
    27 november 1997

    A recent decree, approved in November 1997, has significantly reformed the
    system of employers' representation for collective bargaining within the
    Italian public administration. This article discusses the changes made to the
    structure and tasks of Aran, the agency which negotiates with trade unions in
    the public administration. An important effect of these changes will be a
    greater role for individual units of the public administration in the
    bargaining system.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The Luxembourg Presidency of the European Union organised a special
    Employment Summit [1] European Council meeting on 20-21 November 1997
    (EU9711168F [2]). In order to prepare for the event, the Belgian Government
    and social partners organised a conference aimed at formulating the point of
    view of the Government and the social partners with respect to the four
    priorities proposed by the European Commission for discussion at the Summit
    in Luxembourg, as follows.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Four large Dutch trade unions, which already cooperate in the FNV
    confederation, have recently decided to merge. The merger is to be finalised
    in January 1998, resulting in a union with almost half a million members. For
    the first time, those receiving social benefits and older people will be
    incorporated into the organisation as a distinct industrial group. This
    merger has also prompted more intensive cooperation between other Dutch
    unions.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Trade unions and management at Mercedes Benz's Spanish operations agreed in
    mid-1997 to create a pool of working hours aimed at achieving greater
    flexibility in the use of labour and avoiding redundancies. They have also
    agreed to convert temporary contracts into permanent contracts and to
    introduce a retirement procedure.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The European Parliament Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted a
    report in October 1997 on the framework agreement on part-time work [1]
    concluded by the European-level social partners on 6 June 1997 (EU9706131F
    [2]). The agreement is currently being given legal force via a draft Council
    Directive (EU9707139N [3]) The Committee's report expresses the European
    Parliament's support for enshrining the principle of non-discrimination
    against part-time workers in legislation, but criticises the fact that the
    agreement is limited to part-time work and does not cover other forms of
    "atypical" employment. The agreement also excludes social security matters
    which, it argues, need to be covered by legislation. In this respect the
    agreement falls short of the standards enshrined in International Labour
    Organisation (ILO) conventions. The report argues that, without such a basis,
    the agreement allows exceptions to the principle of non-discrimination on the
    basis of "technical" or "objective" reasons, such as part-time workers who
    work only on a casual basis, or who do not qualify because of certain
    thresholds based on length of service, working time and salary conditions.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/parttime_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-adopts-draft-directive-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    As with other countries such as Sweden (SE9705120F [1]), Norway (NO9708118F
    [2]) and Spain (ES9702103N [3]), Germany is witnessing an ongoing debate on
    employment with temporary work agencies (TWA s) and its industrial relations
    consequences. Against the background of steadily increasing numbers of TWA
    employees, the German Trade Union Confederation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund,
    DGB) recently published a report on employment with TWAs which includes calls
    for legal restrictions and stricter regulations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/no-dramatic-rise-in-temporary-employment-expected
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/temporary-employment-and-leasing-of-employees
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-improves-working-conditions-in-temporary-employment-agencies

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Austria's pension reform is now almost complete (AT9707118F [1]). Below, the
    main features of the reform as they affect civil servants and employees are
    reported. The pensions schemes for farmers and employers have also been
    reformed, but are not reported here.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/pension-reform-plans-under-debate

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    A new statute covering workers who attend study courses was published in
    November 1997 in the /Diário da República/ (the Portuguese Official
    Gazette). Though it widens the eligibility of workers who can benefit and has
    been broadly welcomed, it does not go far enough for some organisations.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The finance law for 1998 approved by the Italian Government in November 1997
    contains a number of proposals for welfare reform in the areas of social
    security and pensions. As regards pensions, the Government has signed an
    agreement with the Cgil, Cisl and Uil trade union confederations which makes
    some changes to the previous reform introduced in 1995. The Government's
    proposals have been severely criticised by the employers' associations.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications