Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The European Parliament Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted a
    report in October 1997 on the framework agreement on part-time work [1]
    concluded by the European-level social partners on 6 June 1997 (EU9706131F
    [2]). The agreement is currently being given legal force via a draft Council
    Directive (EU9707139N [3]) The Committee's report expresses the European
    Parliament's support for enshrining the principle of non-discrimination
    against part-time workers in legislation, but criticises the fact that the
    agreement is limited to part-time work and does not cover other forms of
    "atypical" employment. The agreement also excludes social security matters
    which, it argues, need to be covered by legislation. In this respect the
    agreement falls short of the standards enshrined in International Labour
    Organisation (ILO) conventions. The report argues that, without such a basis,
    the agreement allows exceptions to the principle of non-discrimination on the
    basis of "technical" or "objective" reasons, such as part-time workers who
    work only on a casual basis, or who do not qualify because of certain
    thresholds based on length of service, working time and salary conditions.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/parttime_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/commission-adopts-draft-directive-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    As with other countries such as Sweden (SE9705120F [1]), Norway (NO9708118F
    [2]) and Spain (ES9702103N [3]), Germany is witnessing an ongoing debate on
    employment with temporary work agencies (TWA s) and its industrial relations
    consequences. Against the background of steadily increasing numbers of TWA
    employees, the German Trade Union Confederation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund,
    DGB) recently published a report on employment with TWAs which includes calls
    for legal restrictions and stricter regulations.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/no-dramatic-rise-in-temporary-employment-expected
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/temporary-employment-and-leasing-of-employees
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-improves-working-conditions-in-temporary-employment-agencies

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Trade unions and management at Mercedes Benz's Spanish operations agreed in
    mid-1997 to create a pool of working hours aimed at achieving greater
    flexibility in the use of labour and avoiding redundancies. They have also
    agreed to convert temporary contracts into permanent contracts and to
    introduce a retirement procedure.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    Austria's pension reform is now almost complete (AT9707118F [1]). Below, the
    main features of the reform as they affect civil servants and employees are
    reported. The pensions schemes for farmers and employers have also been
    reformed, but are not reported here.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/pension-reform-plans-under-debate

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    A new statute covering workers who attend study courses was published in
    November 1997 in the /Diário da República/ (the Portuguese Official
    Gazette). Though it widens the eligibility of workers who can benefit and has
    been broadly welcomed, it does not go far enough for some organisations.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    In late 1997, the Flemish social partners took the initiative to negotiate a
    social agreement for the Flanders region covering the years 1998-2000. This
    step is rather significant as it follows several years of failing to reach a
    federal social agreement for the whole country (BE9710117F [1]), in the
    context of clear differences of opinion between the Flemish and Walloon
    social partners and the government parties.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-social-policies/setback-for-new-national-social-pact

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    The finance law for 1998 approved by the Italian Government in November 1997
    contains a number of proposals for welfare reform in the areas of social
    security and pensions. As regards pensions, the Government has signed an
    agreement with the Cgil, Cisl and Uil trade union confederations which makes
    some changes to the previous reform introduced in 1995. The Government's
    proposals have been severely criticised by the employers' associations.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    In November 1997, prolonged negotiations finally led to a solution for the
    employees of the bankrupt "labour pool" in the Amsterdam dockyard. Meanwhile,
    in Rotterdam, labour pool members are threatening to take new industrial
    action if no solution is found.

  • Article
    27 november 1997

    On 12 November 1997, a communication was adopted by the European Commission
    which presented an Action Plan to improve the conditions for the free
    movement of workers within the European Union (EU). The right to free
    movement of workers within the European Union was originally set out in
    Article 48 of the Treaty of Rome and includes the right for any European
    citizen to enter the territory of any Member State in order to work or look
    for work. However, despite the fact that the right to free movement for
    workers has one of the most developed legal frameworks in EU law, there exist
    gaps and flaws which were highlighted by the "high-level panel" on the free
    movement of people in March 1997.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications