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  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    Mediation proposals that were put forward during the early hours of 28 May
    were recommended for acceptance by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO) cartels in the state and local
    government sector (NO9806170F [1]). Within the Norwegian Confederation of
    Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund, YS), the cartel for
    the state sector also recommended the proposal; however, the local government
    sector cartel was split and two unions, for auxiliary nurses and marine
    engineers, took strike action. In the Federation of Norwegian Professional
    Associations (Akademikernes Fellesorganisasjon, AF), cartels in both the
    state and local government sectors took strike action. Mediation attempts in
    a third bargaining area, the municipality of Oslo, were delayed, but very
    soon it became apparent that the AF cartel was split, with nurses and two
    other health service unions still continuing with strike action. The other
    parties to the dispute recommended the proposal.


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    A framework bill on fighting all forms of social exclusion - which includes
    provisions on job creation - was passed by France's National Assembly in May
    1998, with Senate approval planned for July. This article outlines the main
    changes to the draft legislation since it was passed at cabinet level in
    March 1998.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    A threatened nationwide strike by health board and local authority
    craftworkers, set for 22 June 1998, was averted when nine trade unions -
    representing the 4,500 workers - recommended that their members accept an IEP
    26.06 a week pay "relativity" increase.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    Greece's upcoming integration in EU Economic and Monetary Union has made
    timely the question of a radical reorganisation of the banking sector. All
    sides recognise the need for such reorganisation, but disagree on the
    direction, type and content of the necessary reforms. This issue has been
    highlighted in May-June 1998 by the controversy surrounding the sell-off of
    Ionian Bank.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    Negotiations over the renewal of Italy's public administration national
    collective agreements are underway in mid-1998. The talks are the first
    occasion on which new regulations on trade union representativeness in the
    sector have been applied. The rules have helped considerably in simplifying
    the composition of worker representation at the negotiating table. This
    article reviews the selective effects of the new rules, using a new source of

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 22 May 1997, the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union
    Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), the German Salaried Employees'
    Union (Deutsche Angestellten-Gewerkschaft, DAG), the Confederation of German
    Employers' Associations (Bundesvereinigung der Deutschen
    Arbeitgeberverbände, BDA), the Confederation of German Industries
    (Bundesvereinigung der deutschen Industrie, BDI), the German Association of
    Chambers of Commerce (Deutscher Industrie- und Handelstag, DIHT), the Central
    Association of German Crafts (Zentralverband des deutschen Handwerks, ZDH)
    and the Associations of the Credit Institutions (Kreditgewerbe) succeeded in
    forging a regional "Employment Alliance" entitled the /Joint initiative for
    more jobs in eastern Germany/ (Gemeinsame Initiative für mehr Arbeitsplätze
    in Ostdeutschland) (DE9706117F [1]). Its primary objectives were to: speed up
    the transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth;
    reduce unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996;
    and create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    The banking sector in Belgium is going through a period of serious turbulence
    and structural change in the late 1990s, to which several factors have
    contributed. First, banks are positioning themselves in the increasingly
    internationalised market for financial services. Second, the further
    financial integration of the European Union's monetary market has now been
    put on track and is pressurising banks to adopt proactive policies. Third,
    the increasingly integrated nature of financial services causes banks to
    integrate through cooperative networks, which can provide a complete range of
    services to potential customers.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications