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  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The proposed European Company Statute would enable European multinational
    undertakings to operate under rules governed by EU company law, rather than
    the diverse regulations of different Member States. Such "European Companies"
    would also benefit from a special tax status. The idea has been on the table
    for over a quarter of a century without winning adoption in the Council of
    Ministers, with the problems centring around the issue of worker involvement
    in the European Company. In 1996, a high-level expert group was set up by the
    Commission to help break the deadlock, particularly in respect of those
    countries which feared that the Statute would undermine strong national
    involvement rights, and those countries which currently have no legal
    mechanisms for ensuring employee involvement.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Along with all the other EU Member States, Finland has drawn up a National
    Action Plan (NAP) on employment in response to the EU Guidelines for Member
    States' employment policies 1998 [1], following the Luxembourg"Employment
    Summit" in November 1997 (EU9711168F [2]). The plans are to be submitted to
    the Cardiff European Council in June 1998.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 10 May 1998, employers and the trade unions in the Dutch healthcare sector
    reached a new collective agreement. This was made possible after a debate in
    the Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament, in which the outgoing Minister of
    Health offered employers a chance for renegotiation in the autumn if the
    budget proves to be inadequate.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    According to Sergio Cofferati, general secretary of Italy's Cgil trade union
    confederation, EU Economic and Monetary Union may have major consequences for
    industrial relations, as the importance of the supranational level is bound
    to increase. For this reason, in May 1998 Mr Cofferati suggested the
    introduction of European-level collective agreements, provoking a hostile
    reaction from employers.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Long-running disputes in the governing bodies of the FEP brought the union
    organisation to a standstill in March 1998 and have led to the formation of a
    new confederation for white-collar workers in Luxembourg's private sector.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The Spanish government, in drawing up its National Action Plan for employment
    in response to the EU employment guidelines, for submission to the June 1998
    Cardiff summit, has given priority to active employment policies supported by
    training and local activity. However, the trade unions have severely
    criticised the Plan and are organising protests against it.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, the Portuguese Government announced proposals for a new basic
    law on social security, containing structural measures designed to strengthen
    system and address its financial sustainability. The proposals incorporate
    some recommendations arising from the dialogue between the Government and the
    social partners.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Personnel leasing/secondment (personaluthyrning) is the Swedish term for the
    situation whereby persons under an employment contract with one firm are
    leased to work in another firm. It covers arrangements known variously as
    hiring-out of labour or temporary agency work in other countries. The
    practice was deregulated in Sweden in 1991. In 1993, the
    conservative-liberal-centre Government of the day repealed the requirement
    that such firms had to have a licence in order to operate.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    A May 1998 report drawn up on the orders of the Minister for National
    Education proposes a shake-up in the organisation of higher education in
    France. Reaction from the trade unions is divided.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Viessmann, a family-owned heating equipment business which employs roughly
    6,500 employees, is a member of the Hessen regional metalworking employers'
    association, Verband der Metall- und Elektro-unternehmen Hessen eV. After 450
    employees were made redundant in 1995, Viessmann did not plan further
    workforce reductions. However, management discussed the production of a new
    product line in the Czech Republic. According to the company, the proposal to
    produce the new line abroad was mainly due to cost advantages in production.
    In comparison with the Czech Republic, production costs in Germany would not
    have allowed for production at competitive prices.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications