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  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 22 May 1997, the German Federal Government, the German Trade Union
    Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), the German Salaried Employees'
    Union (Deutsche Angestellten-Gewerkschaft, DAG), the Confederation of German
    Employers' Associations (Bundesvereinigung der Deutschen
    Arbeitgeberverbände, BDA), the Confederation of German Industries
    (Bundesvereinigung der deutschen Industrie, BDI), the German Association of
    Chambers of Commerce (Deutscher Industrie- und Handelstag, DIHT), the Central
    Association of German Crafts (Zentralverband des deutschen Handwerks, ZDH)
    and the Associations of the Credit Institutions (Kreditgewerbe) succeeded in
    forging a regional "Employment Alliance" entitled the /Joint initiative for
    more jobs in eastern Germany/ (Gemeinsame Initiative für mehr Arbeitsplätze
    in Ostdeutschland) (DE9706117F [1]). Its primary objectives were to: speed up
    the transformation process of the eastern German economy; boost growth;
    reduce unit labour costs; stabilise employment in 1997 at the level of 1996;
    and create 100,000 new jobs in each of the following years.


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 16 June 1998, Spain's UGT and CC.OO trade union confederations held a
    national meeting of union delegates under the slogan /For employment and
    solidarity/. The unions' aim was to mobilise their members and reinforce
    their position in negotiations with the employers and the Government.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    May-June 1998 saw the first specific strike by foreign workers in Greece. The
    dispute, involving Albanian and Romanian agricultural workers, lasted five
    days and had a positive outcome.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 21 May 1998, the Government published a white paper entitled Fairness at
    work [1] setting out its legislative agenda in the area of industrial
    relations. As well as giving details of the Government's proposed statutory
    trade union recognition procedure, the white paper outlines a range of other
    employment law reforms in areas such as protection against unfair dismissal,
    dismissals during disputes, representation during grievance and disciplinary
    procedures, maternity rights, and parental and family leave.


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    A new national collective agreement for the Italian chemicals industry was
    signed in June 1998. The most innovative aspects of the deal concern working
    hours: flexibility has been increased and an "hours bank" introduced. The
    Confindustria employers' confederation has been critical, insisting that the
    chemicals agreement should not be used as a model for other sectors.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 24 June 1998, the workers at the Belgian Volkswagen assembly plant
    spontaneously went on strike. The immediate cause of this "wildcat" strike at
    Volkswagen's Forest assembly plant was a decision by the company doctor to
    send home an assembly-line worker, allegedly without any serious medical
    examination. The woman had become indisposed at the assembly line and
    reported to the company's medical facility. Shortly after being sent home,
    she had a stroke and went into a coma. Apparently, this was not the only
    decision by the doctor that has caused controversy.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    In May 1998, the French managements of AGF, Allianz and Athéna agreed with
    trade unions to set up a social dialogue group. The goal of this
    extra-statutory employee representative institution is to prepare the way for
    the merger of these three insurance companies, and it will not replace
    existing official representative structures.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 15 May 1998, after 18 month of intense negotiations, the eastern German
    metalworking employers' association, Ostmetall, and the Christian
    Metalworkers' Union (Christliche Gewerkschaft Metall, CGM) concluded a
    package of collective agreements known as Phönix [1]. Ostmetall is an
    association of the three regional metalworking employers' associations of
    Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. It was founded in March 1998 (DE9803157N
    [2]) and is a member of metalworking sector peak employers' association,
    Gesamtmetall. Its bargaining partner, CGM is affiliated to the Christian
    Federation of Trade Unions (Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund, CGB). Of CGM's
    100,000-plus members in Germany, 15,000 are organised in Saxony,
    Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. In the metalworking and electrical sector, CGM
    competes with IG Metall, the metalworkers' union affiliated to the German
    Trade Union Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), especially as
    regards works council elections and collective agreements in crafts. IG
    Metall had about 2.7 million members in 1997 (DE9802147F [3]).


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    Improved conditions for families with small children were a central theme in
    the Prime Minister's traditional speech delivered on New Year's Day 1998
    (DK9802156N [1]). Having been through the March general election, the May
    referendum on the Amsterdam Treaty and 11 days of major industrial conflict
    over April-May (DK9805168F [2]), the re-elected Social Democrat-led
    Government issued its long-awaited package of family-friendly polices on 9
    June 1998. The package is by no means a simple recipe; it contains a wide
    range of initiatives, which involve five different actors - the government,
    the regional and municipal authorities, the social partners and, foremost,
    parents themselves.


  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    The employers' association in the Spanish textiles and clothing sector is
    undergoing a process of reorganisation in 1998, triggered by the refusal of
    the association's component subsectors to re-elect a chair from the
    traditionally important clothing industry. Clothing employers are considering
    separating from their textiles counterparts.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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