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  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    May-June 1998 saw the first specific strike by foreign workers in Greece. The
    dispute, involving Albanian and Romanian agricultural workers, lasted five
    days and had a positive outcome.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 16 June 1998, Spain's UGT and CC.OO trade union confederations held a
    national meeting of union delegates under the slogan /For employment and
    solidarity/. The unions' aim was to mobilise their members and reinforce
    their position in negotiations with the employers and the Government.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 21 May 1998, the Government published a white paper entitled Fairness at
    work [1] setting out its legislative agenda in the area of industrial
    relations. As well as giving details of the Government's proposed statutory
    trade union recognition procedure, the white paper outlines a range of other
    employment law reforms in areas such as protection against unfair dismissal,
    dismissals during disputes, representation during grievance and disciplinary
    procedures, maternity rights, and parental and family leave.

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/fairness/index.htm

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    A new national collective agreement for the Italian chemicals industry was
    signed in June 1998. The most innovative aspects of the deal concern working
    hours: flexibility has been increased and an "hours bank" introduced. The
    Confindustria employers' confederation has been critical, insisting that the
    chemicals agreement should not be used as a model for other sectors.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    In May 1998, the French managements of AGF, Allianz and Athéna agreed with
    trade unions to set up a social dialogue group. The goal of this
    extra-statutory employee representative institution is to prepare the way for
    the merger of these three insurance companies, and it will not replace
    existing official representative structures.

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 15 May 1998, after 18 month of intense negotiations, the eastern German
    metalworking employers' association, Ostmetall, and the Christian
    Metalworkers' Union (Christliche Gewerkschaft Metall, CGM) concluded a
    package of collective agreements known as Phönix [1]. Ostmetall is an
    association of the three regional metalworking employers' associations of
    Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. It was founded in March 1998 (DE9803157N
    [2]) and is a member of metalworking sector peak employers' association,
    Gesamtmetall. Its bargaining partner, CGM is affiliated to the Christian
    Federation of Trade Unions (Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund, CGB). Of CGM's
    100,000-plus members in Germany, 15,000 are organised in Saxony,
    Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. In the metalworking and electrical sector, CGM
    competes with IG Metall, the metalworkers' union affiliated to the German
    Trade Union Federation (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), especially as
    regards works council elections and collective agreements in crafts. IG
    Metall had about 2.7 million members in 1997 (DE9802147F [3]).

    [1] http://www.cgm.de/public/tarifpolitik/mtv-brosch/brosch.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-metalworking-employers-associations-in-eastern-germany
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/ig-metall-membership-falls-yet-again

  • Article
    27 juni 1998

    On 24 June 1998, the workers at the Belgian Volkswagen assembly plant
    spontaneously went on strike. The immediate cause of this "wildcat" strike at
    Volkswagen's Forest assembly plant was a decision by the company doctor to
    send home an assembly-line worker, allegedly without any serious medical
    examination. The woman had become indisposed at the assembly line and
    reported to the company's medical facility. Shortly after being sent home,
    she had a stroke and went into a coma. Apparently, this was not the only
    decision by the doctor that has caused controversy.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    April 1998 saw the release of the first figures for company-level collective
    bargaining in 1995-6, compiled by the Observatory on Company-level Bargaining
    in Italy (Osco). The results are of particular interest, as they refer to the
    period immediately following the reform of the Italian bargaining system
    introduced by the tripartite agreement of July 1993. The figures indicate
    that the 1993 agreement has had a positive effect in promoting company-level
    bargaining.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Most of the national industry-level collective agreements in Norway were due
    to expire in the spring of 1998. In February, the general council of the
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO)
    decided that pay settlement negotiations within the area covered by LO and
    the Confederation of Norwegian Business and Industry (Næringslivets
    Hovedorganisasjon, NHO) should take the form of industry-level settlements,
    in which negotiations take place between the individual LO unions and the
    individual associations of NHO (NO9802150F [1]). Consequently, a wide range
    of agreements were to be negotiated in spring 1998. Thursday 14 May witnessed
    the first labour dispute when bus drivers belonging to the Norwegian
    Transport Workers' Union (Norsk Transportarbeiderforbund, NTAF) and the Norsk
    Rutebilarbeiderforbund which is affiliated to the Confederation of Vocational
    Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund, YS) took strike action. There
    are more negotiations to come - including those in the public sector.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-working-conditions/the-1998-bargaining-round-will-be-at-industry-level

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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