Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    A performance-related pay agreement was finalised in April 1998 between Marks
    & Spencer (M&S) and the Mandate trade union, which represents the majority of
    "front-line" staff in the retail chain, and SIPTU, which represents catering,
    security and warehouse employees. M&S operates in a non-union environment in
    the UK, its home country, but not in Ireland, where it has some 1,000

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 8 April 1998, Margaret Beckett MP, President of the Board of Trade,
    launched a public consultation exercise on draft regulations to implement the
    provisions of the EU working time Directive (plus the working time aspects of
    the young workers Directive). Subject to any amendments the Government
    considers necessary in the light of the consultation exercise, the
    regulations will be laid before Parliament before the summer recess and are
    expected to take effect from 1 October 1998.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The Spanish Ministry of Labour reached a preliminary agreement in May 1998
    with the State Confederation of Savings Banks for these institutions to grant
    low-interest loans to companies that create employment.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Introduced as a consequence of the law on the modernisation of the social
    security and social services system (dated 26 July 1996), the SIS card or
    social identity card will come into operation in October 1998. It is an
    important step in the process of combining different electronic data sets
    into a linked web of information on the social situation of all citizens. It
    is obvious that this includes an important number of issues related to the
    employment situation of the people included in the system.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    From 7-9 May 1998 the German metalworkers' trade union, IG Metall, held a
    conference with about 460 participants (mainly union workplace
    representatives and local trade union officers) to discuss the union's
    positions on future working time policy. In the run-up to the conference, the
    board of IG Metall presented a document on an /IG Metall initiative on
    employment and working time policy/ (Beschäftigungs- und
    arbeitszeitpolitische Initiative der IG Metall) which contains various
    proposals for short- and medium-term strategy on further working time

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The insurance industry employs about 30,000 white-collar employees. Of these
    about half are office staff and half are sales representatives. The Union of
    Salaried Employees (Gewerkschaft der Privatangestellten, GPA) and the Money,
    Credit and Insurance Section of the Austrian Chamber of Commerce
    (Österreichische Wirtschaftskammer, WKÖ) are getting close to completing
    another stage in their quest to revise the industry's framework agreement
    (Rahmenkollektivvertrag). This time, it is office staff pay scales that are
    being revised.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, a legislative decree was signed regulating the creation of
    private employment services in Italy. Private organisations can now operate
    alongside the public services, which previously had a monopoly.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Trade unions and management at theAn Post state-owned postal company have
    begun work on a complex "partnership" process, which is being kept separate
    from day-to-day industrial relations issues. The partnership model they hope
    to construct will be based on principles enshrined in the current three-year
    economic and social agreement, /Partnership 2000/ (IE9702103F [1]). The
    National Centre for Partnership, established in mid-1997 (IE9706202N [2]),
    has been given a key facilitative role in the new process, which is being
    overseen by a top-level joint management/union group. The Communications
    Workers Union (CWU) is the main union at An Post, which employs up to 8,000


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    TheTrades Union Congress (TUC) held its annual black workers conference at
    the City Hall, Cardiff on 24-26 April 1998, on the theme of /Recruiting for
    race equality/. Altogether, 250 delegates from most of the TUC's 75
    affiliated trade unions, along with many observers, attended the conference.
    Each union is entitled to send one delegate to the conference for every 5,000
    members, regardless of race or gender, with a maximum of 16 delegates per
    union. Each union is also entitled to submit two motions and every delegate
    is entitled to vote on all motions. The conference arrangements are the
    responsibility of the TUC Race Relations Committee (RRC), which consists of
    members of the general council and 18 representatives elected at the previous
    year's conference.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications