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  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The long-announced founding of a new trade union outside the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) has now occurred
    (AT9802166N [1]). On 1 May 1998, in a small town outside Vienna, the Austrian
    Free Trade Union (Freie Gewerkschaft Österreichs, FGÖ) was officially
    founded and a 34-year-old police officer was elected as its chair. The
    union's main promoter over the past two years chose not to stand for election
    but to retain instead his seat in Parliament. The new union is closely
    related to the right-wing populism of the Austrian Freedom Party
    (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) whose main politicians spoke at the
    founding ceremonies.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-trade-union-clears-first-hurdle

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    After the European Council had adopted its Guidelines for Member States'
    Employment Policies for 1998 [1] in December 1997 (EU9712174N [2]), all
    Member States were committed to incorporate these guidelines into National
    Action Plans (NAP s) on employment and to submit these plans for examination
    by the European Council meeting in Cardiff in June 1998. On 22 April 1998,
    the German Federal Government presented its National Action Plan [3] for 1998
    which contains two parts:

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/docs/guideen.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/1998-employment-policy-guidelines-adopted
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps/de_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In April 1998, the Ministry of Labour issued a communication clarifying the
    use of job-sharing contracts, which are a new development in Italy.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 24 April 1998, the members of the organisations affiliated to the Danish
    Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO) and the
    Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) were
    balloted on a joint mediation proposal for the bargaining round in the entire
    DA/LO area, drawn up by the Public Conciliator and accepted by DA and LO on
    30 March (DK9804163F [1]). The proposal - bringing together and renewing
    approximately 600 collective agreements - followed a settlement in the key
    industry sector, which was reached despite concerns that negotiations would
    fail and a major dispute would break out (DK9803158F [2]). Once the industry
    deal was struck, the ballot on the overall joint mediation proposal - which
    was recommended by the unions - was widely regarded as a formality; it had
    been 42 years since a joint mediation proposal was last rejected and 13 years
    since Denmark last experienced a major conflict. However, a clear majority of
    those voting in the ballot (265,000 out of 565,000, or 56%) rejected the
    mediation proposal (DK9804166N [3]). At 47%, the participation rate among
    union members in the ballot was the highest for 25 years. It seemed that the
    workers' message to LO was clear: renegotiate the mediation proposal and
    introduce more days of leave, thus taking the first steps towards a sixth
    week of paid holiday (the Holidays Act gives all workers the right to five
    weeks of paid holiday per year).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-accept-joint-mediation-proposal-for-1998-bargaining-round
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/breakthrough-in-industry-sector-on-brink-of-conflict
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/1998-bargaining-round-ends-in-major-conflict

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    A number of recent reports have highlighted the persistence of horizontal and
    vertical job segregation along gender lines. Men continue to occupy the
    majority of managerial positions while women can largely be found in
    clerical, caring and menial industrial jobs. Women are also far more likely
    to occupy precarious employment situations such as part-time, temporary and
    fixed-term work. All these factors contribute to a persistent pay gap between
    the sexes (EU9801176F [1])

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined-social-policies-industrial-relations/big-pay-gap-remains-between-men-and-women

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 6 May 1998, it was announced that Lew Adams, who had been general
    secretary of the train drivers' trade union, the Associated Society of
    Locomotive Engineers and Firemen (ASLEF), for the previous four years, had
    failed to retain the post in an election. In a first ballot, Mr Adams had
    topped the list of five candidates but failed to achieve the necessary 50% of
    votes (obtaining only 45.1%), thus necessitating a second ballot involving
    himself and the second-placed candidate, Dave Rix, a local union official
    from Leeds who had polled 23.9%. In the second ballot, Mr Adams polled 3,357
    votes, compared with 4,558 for Mr Rix, who was thus elected general
    secretary. More than 14,300 ballot papers had been sent out, and around half
    of ASLEF's members actually voted.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Sparked by the proposed sell-off of Ionian Bank, trade unions escalated
    industrial action in the Greek banking sector in May 1998, expanding both
    their programme for action and their framework of demands.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In early 1998, trade unions have asked to participate in the drafting and
    negotiation of the industrial plan for Babcock & Wilcox Española, a
    publicly-owned Spanish company which is to be taken over by the Norwegian
    multinational Kværner.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In the first half of May 1998, collective agreements for wage earners
    (Arbeiter) in hotels and restaurants were concluded in three provinces and
    for salary earners (Angestellte) on a national basis. Negotiations for wage
    earners in tourism are being conducted on a province-by-province basis
    because, for the second year in succession, national talks failed (AT9802167N
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/stalemate-in-negotiations-in-tourism-sector

  • CAR
    27 maj 1998

    /Flexibility of working time is undoubtedly a topical theme in European
    industrial relations at present. It is in the spotlight of EU social and
    employment policy and is becoming an increasingly important issue for
    collective bargaining in most countries. The emergence and implementation of
    working time flexibility are explored in this EIRO comparative study./

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Forthcoming publications