Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In the first half of May 1998, collective agreements for wage earners
    (Arbeiter) in hotels and restaurants were concluded in three provinces and
    for salary earners (Angestellte) on a national basis. Negotiations for wage
    earners in tourism are being conducted on a province-by-province basis
    because, for the second year in succession, national talks failed (AT9802167N


  • CAR
    27 maj 1998

    /Flexibility of working time is undoubtedly a topical theme in European
    industrial relations at present. It is in the spotlight of EU social and
    employment policy and is becoming an increasingly important issue for
    collective bargaining in most countries. The emergence and implementation of
    working time flexibility are explored in this EIRO comparative study./

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 7 May 1998, two of the world's leading car manufactures, the German
    Daimler-Benz AG and the USA-based Chrysler Corporation announced the largest
    industrial merger in history. The new company, to be called Daimler-Chrysler,
    will be the world's fifth-largest car maker with combined revenues of around
    USD 130 billion, a combined operating profit of around USD 7 billion, and a
    combined workforce of more than 420,000 employees - see below.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The Dutch Government is seeking to promote the participation of people from
    ethnic minorities on the labour market by means of a new law, adopted in
    April 1998. Previous legislation was generally considered to be inadequate.
    Many provisions of the new law have been borrowed from a 1996 agreement
    between the central employers' and employees' organisations.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, the board of the Confindustria employers' confederation approved
    a document, aimed at the Government and other social partners, setting out
    proposals for structural reforms (including labour market reform) seen as
    necessary to ensure Italy's development under EMU.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Luxembourg's National Action Plan on employment was adopted by the Tripartite
    Coordination Committee in April 1998. Among other issues, the Plan sets out
    the terms on which working time legislation will be amended. The solutions
    identified do not represent a move towards a reduction in statutory working
    hours, but instead provide for greater flexibility.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 7 May 1998, after 10 days of major industrial conflict, the Danish
    Government chose to intervene in the stalled renegotiation process between
    the Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    and the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) over
    the 1998 bargaining round (DK9805168F [1]). Both parties were dissatisfied
    with the Government's intervention and imposition of a settlement by law, and
    as a protest LO has taken a radical step by withdrawing of the 1987 joint
    statement. In a press release on 15 May 1998, the president of LO, Hans
    Jensen, justified the decision by saying: "the trade union movement can no
    longer be co-responsible for the development in overall costs which the
    Government's intervention will entail, as LO has had no influence on the


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Following the recent publication of official figures showing pay increases in
    the private sector rising twice as fast as those in the public sector, the
    Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown told the Confederation of British
    Industry (CBI) in a speech on 22 April 1998 that private sector employers
    should be taking a far tougher stance on pay. Adair Turner, the director
    general of the CBI, backed Mr Brown's warning on pay rises, stating that "the
    figures should be used to make people aware of the fact that some pay claims
    may be creeping above what is sustainable for the long term future."

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    May 1998 saw a one-day general strike in Spain's olive-growing districts, in
    protest at the European Commission's proposals for reform of the sector and
    the Spanish Government's handling of the negotiations.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 29 April 1998, the European Commission adopted a Communication (Com (98)
    259) outlining the Social Action Programme 1998-2000 [1]. The Action
    Programme complements and builds upon the previous medium-term Social Action
    Programme 1995-7. It aims to further the future development of European
    social policy by seizing upon the impetus given to the social arena by the
    inclusion of the "employment title" and the incorporation of the Agreement on
    Social Policy [2] in the Amsterdam Treaty (EU9707135F [3]), and also the 1998
    Guidelines for Member States' employment policies [4], which have entailed
    the development of an integrated employment strategy. Speaking in Brussels on
    29 April, the Commissioner responsible for employment and social affairs,
    Pádraig Flynn, said: "The new Social Action Programme 1998-2000 is designed
    to provide a strategic overview of the future agenda for social policy."



  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications