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  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    May 1998 saw industrial action on France's railways, as workers demanded job
    creation and pay increases, and called for more investment and changes to the
    running of the SNCF network.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In April 1991, German employers stated their support for European
    integration, the single market, and a reasonable social dimension. Following
    the June 1997 Amsterdam summit and the related Treaty changes (EU9707135F
    [1]) as well as in face of the coming Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), the
    Confederation of German Employers' Associations (Bundesvereinigung der
    Deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände, BDA) published its current positions
    regarding European social policy in spring 1998 ("EuropäischeSozialpolitik -
    Die Perspektive der Arbeitgeber, BDA, Cologne (1998)). This feature
    summarises the BDA statement.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Findings from a recent national workplace survey of workplace change in
    Ireland stand in stark contrast to popular claims of the widespread diffusion
    of new working practices and initiatives which facilitate employee
    "empowerment". The findings suggest that new work structures are very much a
    minority practice in Irish companies. In comparison to other European
    countries, Ireland lags some way behind and, as a consequence, many Irish
    companies are not reaping the economic benefits which accompany the
    introduction of these new initiatives.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    At the special Jobs Summit [1] in Luxembourg in November 1997 (EU9711168F
    [2]), EU Member States agreed to a set of Employment Guidelines [3] designed
    to provide a framework for national action under four main headings -
    employability, adaptability, entrepreneurship and equal opportunities.
    National governments were asked to draw up National Action Plans (NAP s) on
    employment by 15 April 1998, and to give the social partners the opportunity
    to make a specific input into the Plan on those aspects of the
    "employability" and "adaptability" guidelines which give them a direct role.
    National governments were also expected to consult the social partners about
    the Plan as a whole and make appropriate arrangements for their views to be
    incorporated. Member States' NAPs will be considered by the Cardiff European
    Council meeting in June 1998.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, the regional Government and the main Catalan employers'
    organisations and trade unions signed the /Pact for employment in Catalonia./
    This is the first employment pact at regional level that has been signed
    following the November 1997 EU Employment Summit, and the first of its kind
    ever reached in Catalonia.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 14 May 1998, the bargaining parties in the banking sector finalised a new
    collective agreement for the period 1998-2000. The agreement was concluded
    between the Finance Sector Union of Norway (Finansforbundet), which is
    affiliated to the Confederation of Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes
    Sentralforbund, YS), and the Norwegian Bank Employers' Association (Bankenes
    Arbeidsgiverforening, BAF). The new agreement awards a general pay increase
    of 4.1%, and no employee will receive an increase of less than NOK 10,000 per
    year. In addition, there will be local pay increases at company level.
    Approximately 20,000 people are covered by the banking sector agreement .

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    International organisations vary in their estimates of the numbers involved
    in child labour worldwide. The World Bank reckons that there are some 250
    million children aged five to 14 who have to work, while the International
    Labour Organisation (ILO) calculates the number of working children as being
    close to 120 million. Whatever the exact figures, more than 100 countries are
    currently preparing a proposed new ILO Convention and Recommendation [1] on
    child labour which should be concluded at its 1999 Conference.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Following numerous debates, France's National Assembly made the decision in
    April 1998 to allow unemployed associations to take part in new local liaison
    committees attached to the agencies for training and placement of unemployed
    people. However, the Assembly did not approve an amendment which provided for
    representation of unemployed people within the UNEDIC unemployment insurance

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, an "agreement on the maintenance of the production location and
    employment" (Standort- und Becshäftigungssicherungsvertrag) was concluded at
    the pharmaceuticals producer, Hoechst Marion Roussel (HMR) Germany. The deal
    was signed by the company, its group works council, the mining chemical, and
    energy workers' trade union IG BCE (IG Bergbau, Chemie, Energie), the
    salaried employees' trade union (Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft, DAG), the
    association of salaried academics and managers in the chemical industries
    (Verband angestellter Akademiker und leitender Angestellter in der chemischen
    Industrie, VAA), and the Hessen chemical employers' association.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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