Publications

17054 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Agreement to promote workers' participation signed at TIM

    A recent collective agreement signed at Telecom Italia Mobile (TIM) provides for the development of social dialogue and workers' participation, through information and discussion on industrial policies and joint decision-making on vocational training.
  • Exemptions from the statutory national minimum wage dropped

    On 7 May, the Dutch Government withdrew a bill that would have allowed employers exemptions from paying the statutory national minimum wage [1] (NL9702103F [2]). Discussions in Parliament had arrived at a political impasse. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/minimum-wage-4 [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/proposal-to-exempt-long-term-unemployed-people-from-legal-minimum-wage
  • Wage agreements in cleaning firms, power plants and the food industry concluded after industrial action

    After 10 days of boycotts and two hours of strike action among the cleaners in the LKAB mine in northern Sweden, the Business Services Associations on the one hand and the Building Maintenance Workers' Union and the Union of Service and Communication on the other, accepted a draft collective agreement on wages from the mediators on 16 May 1997. The agreement covers 25,000 employees in 600 companies. It means that the average monthly salary will be raised by SEK 370.
  • Commission publishes first annual review of the EU-level social dialogue

    The first annual review of the social dialogue process at the European Union level was adopted by the Commission on 6 May 1997. The review characterises 1996 as "a particularly fruitful and productive year" for the social dialogue at European level. Despite this overall positive assessment, the review highlights the fact that, despite endeavours towards the establishment of a dialogue between the social partners, and in some cases, negotiation, this represents only the background of a European-scale industrial relations systems which is yet to take shape.
  • Rehabilitation pact renewed at Deutz

    Presenting its 1996 results on 6 May 1997, Deutz AG, the German machinery and tractor maker which almost collapsed last year, also publicised information on the employees' contribution to its 1996 rescue package. The group is undergoing a radical restructuring after a crisis last year, caused by big losses on cement plants in Saudi Arabia. The deal was struck in May/June 1996 between management and the group works council [1] and included the following: [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/group-works-council-0
  • Minor employment to gain social security coverage

    Employment yielding less than ATS 3,740 gross per month or less than ATS 859 per week or ATS 288 per day, is defined as "minor". Below this threshold, neither employee nor employer has to contribute to the national pension or health or unemployment insurance. Only national accident insurance has to be paid. Minor employment therefore does not earn an entitlement to unemployment benefits, maternity benefits, a pension, or medical coverage. On the other hand, because of the lower cost, minor employment may be an incentive for employers to hire.
  • Agreement introduces new shop opening hours

    On 13 January 1997, an agreement was signed on the introduction of new shop opening hours. Since 1990 shops have been allowed to open on a 24-hours a day basis in the wake of legislation to deregulate shop opening hours (article 42, Law 1892/1990) in line with the then Conservative Government's policies on liberalisation. In late 1996, a number of businesses - members of the employers' organisation, SELPE- proceeded to introduce later working hours on Saturdays in Athens and its outer suburbs. In parallel, they took joint action with other bodies (including the Athens municipal authority and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry) to try to introduce Sunday shop opening. In response, the unions announced that they would fight this initiative and that they would demand amendments to Law 1892/1990.
  • STTK proposes a 35-hour week

    The Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees (STTK) has recently begun discussions about the next incomes policy agreement by proposing a reduction in working time.
  • Share option scheme considered at KLM

    In anticipation of the spring 1997 collective bargaining round, pilots at Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM) are considering contributing to the company's cost-cutting programme by exchanging salaries for share options and an increased say in company policy. Unions are divided over this exchange.
  • Commissioner Flynn responds to income distribution and poverty figures

    The findings of a Eurostat study entitled /Statistics in focus: income distribution and poverty in the EU 12 - 1993/, published on 14 May 1997, show that one out of six citizens and households in the 12 pre-1995 EU member states live below the "poverty threshold". In more than half of these countries, the figure was even higher - one in five. Even more alarmingly, over one-third of poor households were working. These findings are drawn from the first wave of statistics generated from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The ECHP consists of a sample of 60,500 households selected randomly in the 12 member states, using a harmonised questionnaire. This data does not allow for a comparison of social change over time, but does provide important information on the magnitude and dimensions of poverty and income disparity in the European Union in the early 1990s. The figures show that there are approximately 57 million socially excluded individuals in EU, a problem affecting both more and less affluent member states.

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