Publications

17056 items found

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.


  • Minor employment to gain social security coverage

    Employment yielding less than ATS 3,740 gross per month or less than ATS 859 per week or ATS 288 per day, is defined as "minor". Below this threshold, neither employee nor employer has to contribute to the national pension or health or unemployment insurance. Only national accident insurance has to be paid. Minor employment therefore does not earn an entitlement to unemployment benefits, maternity benefits, a pension, or medical coverage. On the other hand, because of the lower cost, minor employment may be an incentive for employers to hire.
  • Two-tier wage system established at Volkswagen

    During the fourth bargaining round for its 90,000 employees, the German car producer Volkswagen AG announced the creation of several hundred new jobs. According to an agreement between management and the IG Metall trade union, the newly hired employees will be employed exclusively on a temporary basis and will de facto be remunerated below the level of the company agreements. Although being hired on the terms of the current company agreements, the newly hired employees will not be eligible for the compensatory extra pay component which was agreed when Volkswagen established the four-day working week in 1994, and thus they will be paid 10% less than core employees. According to the agreement, details will be fixed by the social partners at establishment level. During the negotiations, the IG Metall rejected Volkswagen's plans to pay the newly hired employees according to the branch-level metalworking agreement. The compensation of the new temporary staff will still be around 10% higher than the pay other employees receive on the basis of the current branch-level metalworking agreement.
  • Commissioner Flynn responds to income distribution and poverty figures

    The findings of a Eurostat study entitled /Statistics in focus: income distribution and poverty in the EU 12 - 1993/, published on 14 May 1997, show that one out of six citizens and households in the 12 pre-1995 EU member states live below the "poverty threshold". In more than half of these countries, the figure was even higher - one in five. Even more alarmingly, over one-third of poor households were working. These findings are drawn from the first wave of statistics generated from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). The ECHP consists of a sample of 60,500 households selected randomly in the 12 member states, using a harmonised questionnaire. This data does not allow for a comparison of social change over time, but does provide important information on the magnitude and dimensions of poverty and income disparity in the European Union in the early 1990s. The figures show that there are approximately 57 million socially excluded individuals in EU, a problem affecting both more and less affluent member states.
  • Trends in temporary work in Greece

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts, constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the public sector.
  • Government strategic plan to support company restructuring and upgrade human resources

    The recession affecting Portuguese companies from 1991 to 1994 showed that the difficulties faced by the country stemmed not just from economic circumstances. Rather, the roots were far more complex and called for structural changes to competitive factors involving the very fabric of business and a general remodelling of managerial capacity, vocational qualifications and financial structure.
  • New Career Breaks Bill promotes care and study leave

    Under the terms of a new bill, announced in April 1997, employees in the Netherlands will be entitled to benefits if they interrupt their careers for care or study leave, on condition that the employer hires an unemployed person for the same period
  • Two reports published on the industrial relations implications of EMU in Finland

    Two separate committees - a group of professors appointed by the Government and a committee of economists from the Finnish social partners - published reports in early May 1997 on the industrial relations implications of EU Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) for Finland The social partners themselves have adopted a joint declaration on EMU membership.
  • Pact for partnership 1997 at Mohn printing shop

    On 29 April 1997, the management and works council at Mohn GmbH, a subsidiary of one of Germany's biggest media corporations, Bertelsmann, signed a works agreement [1]- known as the "Pact for partnership 1997" - for the 1,700 or so employees at the Mohn printing works in Gütersloh. [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-agreement-0
  • Davignon group on worker involvement publishes recommendations

    The high-level expert group on worker involvement was established in 1996 with the aim of developing solutions to break the 25-year deadlock on European Commission proposals containing clauses on worker involvement, and in particular, the European Company Statute (ECS). The Commission has repeatedly stressed the importance of such a statute, enabling the incorporation of companies at EU level, in order to improve the competitiveness of European companies. Such proposals have long remained blocked in the Council of Ministers, largely because of concerns from countries with advanced employee participation systems which fear that the ECS could be used by companies to circumvent national legislation in this area. Similarly, a solution would have to avoid imposing foreign models of employee representation upon member states where there is currently no provision for the appointment of worker representatives to the boards of companies.
  • First agreement for social welfare institutions

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were previously governed by state regulations.

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