17054 items found

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  • First agreement for social welfare institutions

    April 1997 saw the conclusion of the first collective agreement covering Portuguese social welfare institutions, where conditions of employment were previously governed by state regulations.
  • Labour Court plays key role in public pay dispute

    Following the settlement of the public service nurses pay dispute (IE9702104N [1]), health workers, prisons officers, police and other public service groups have been seeking follow-on increases based on parity claims - all of which relate to the settlement secured by Ireland's 25,000 nurses. [1]
  • Social partners seem to welcome Queen's speech

    In a previous EIRO review of the industrial relations consequences of the new Labour Government (UK9704125F [1]) it was suggested that it was unlikely that the Government would produce an all-embracing employment bill in its first term of office, and this has proved correct. However, the social partners were still relatively pleased with announcements made on measures to tackle unemployment and low pay. [1]
  • German law contravenes the EU equal treatment Directive

    On 22 April 1997 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued a judgment stating that some provisions of the German Civil Law (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch,BGB) as well as the German Labour Court Law (Arbeitsgerichtsgesetz, ArbGG) offend against the "Council Directive on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion and working conditions" (76/207/EEC). The Directive which was adopted by the Council of Ministers on 9 February 1976 proclaimed that the Member States shall put into effect the "principle of equal treatment" (§ 1) which means "that there shall be no discrimination whatsoever on grounds of sex either directly or indirectly" (§ 2).
  • Social partners reach draft agreement on part-time work

    The negotiating teams representing the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) reached a draft framework agreement on part-time work in the evening of 14 May 1997.
  • State guarantee for bank loan to UGT creates controversy

    At the beginning of May 1997, the State Prosecutor's consultative committee issued a report questioning the legality of the provision of a state guarantee for a bank loan made to the General Workers' Union (União Geral dos Trabalhadores, UGT). A final decision on whether to take legal action to ascertain the legality of the action is now expected from the State Prosecutor.
  • Supreme Court makes landmark equality ruling

    In what legal experts in Ireland have highlighted as a landmark case on the issue of indirect sex discrimination, Ireland's Supreme Court has asserted the primacy of EU law over domestic law. Mary Honan, a legal expert with the Employment Equality Agency said that the decision also established the correct legal framework for establishing unlawful indirect discrimination.
  • Pensions deal leads the way for part timers

    Part-time workers have traditionally not been allowed into the same occupational pension schemes as full-time workers, but because there are far more women than men among part-timers the practice was challenged on the grounds of sex discrimination through the European Court of Justice (ECJ). In 1994, the ECJ ruled in a set of linked cases that the practice did amount to sex discrimination. The judgment was not welcomed by the then Conservative Government, so the Trades Union Congress (TUC) advised qualifying individuals that they should register their cases with industrial tribunals. After a number of test cases in the UK tribunals, it was ruled that part-timers who had been denied access to occupational pension schemes could not claim backdated pension rights any further back that two years prior to the ECJ's ruling - that is, 1992. After appeals were turned down, the cases are still waiting to be heard by the House of Lords.
  • New collective agreements in the Saxon metalworking industry

    On 25 April 1997, the Saxon metalworking employers' association (Arbeitgeberverband der Sächsischen Metall- und Elektroindustrie, VSME) and the metalworkers' trade union, IG Metall, signed new collective agreements for the 87,000 employees in the Saxon metal industry. The agreements include a new agreement on wages and salaries, new framework agreements for white- and blue-collar workers, and a new agreement to secure employment (Beschäftigungssicherungstarifvertrag). The agreements mainly follow the pattern of the agreements which have already been agreed in other regions of eastern Germany, and conclude the 1997 collective bargaining round in east German metalworking.
  • Commission publishes Green Paper on new forms of work organisation

    The Green Paper focuses on three questions: