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  • CAR
    27 juli 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    On 2 July 1999, the UK's Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) published
    draft Regulations [1] to implement the EU European Works Councils (s)
    Directive [2] in the UK, together with a consultation document [3] seeking
    views on the government's proposed approach. After further refinement, and
    subject to approval by parliament, the Transnational Information and
    Consultation of Employees Regulations 1999 will come into force on 15
    December 1999 - the deadline set by the 1997 Directive [4] which reversed the
    previous UK government's "opt-out" from the original EWCs Directive.

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/ewc-regs.pdf
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett
    [3] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/ewc-con.pdf
    [4] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31997L0074&model=guichett

  • Newsletter
    27 juli 1999

    Communiqué is the newsletter of the Foundation It is published 10 times per year and provides up-to-date news and information on the Foundation's work and research. The March issue contains the following articles: Ageing; EMU and industrial relations; Financial participation; EUCO cooperation.

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    On 6 July 1999, leading representatives of the federal government, trade
    unions and employers' associations (see the annex at the end of this record
    for details of the participants) met officially, chaired by the Federal
    Chancellor, Gerhard Schröder, for the third round of top-level talks within
    the framework of the Alliance for Jobs, Training and Competitiveness [1]
    (Bündnis für Arbeit, Ausbildung und Wettbewerbsfähigkeit). The Alliance
    was established in December 1998 as a new permanent tripartite arrangement at
    national level, including various working groups on specific topics as well
    as regular top-level talks between the leading representatives of all three
    parties (DE9812286N [2]).

    [1] http://www.buendnis.de/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/tripartite-agreement-establishes-national-alliance-for-jobs

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    On 14 July 1999, the Prime Minister (Taoiseach), Bertie Ahern, launched a new
    joint training initiative from theIrish Business and Employers Confederation
    (IBEC) and the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU), which was developed
    with the assistance of the National Centre for Partnership (IE9706202N [1]) a
    body established under the current three-year national programme, Partnership
    2000 [2] (P2000) (IE9702103F [3]). The initiative is seen as a practical
    contribution by the social partners to the achievement of the aims of P2000
    in relation to the development of enterprise-level partnership.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/national-centre-for-partnership-established
    [2] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    In two rulings issued on 30 June 1999, the Norwegian Supreme Court endorsed
    the right of employees in some cases to avoid being transferred to a new
    employer, when the enterprise is transferring support functions to another
    employer (outsourcing). Both cases related to the outsourcing of defined task
    areas with few employees, one concerning a switchboard operator and the other
    three cleaners. The employees who brought the cases wanted to retain their
    employment with the original employer. They claimed that employees have a
    legal right to choose whether to work for the new employer or maintain
    employment with the original employer.

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    The issue of the rehabilitation of workers who have become incapacitated has
    been the subject of a number of special commissions in recent years, and on 3
    June 1999 another commissioner - Gerhard Larsson, the former head of Samhall,
    a governmental rehabilitation organisation - was asked to study and analyse
    the situation. Since 1992, the main responsibility for the rehabilitation of
    employees has been placed on employers, and several changes have been made to
    the regulations since then. For example, the rules on the costs of
    rehabilitation and sick leave have been altered, as has the system for
    cooperation between employers and the local social insurance office and other
    authorities. In August 1998, a government committee proposed a clarification
    of employers' responsibilities (SE9810114F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined/committee-proposes-clarification-of-employers-responsibility-for-rehabilitation-of-employees

  • Article
    27 juli 1999

    The ICTU's two-yearly conference held in Killarney on 6-8 July 1999 reflected
    the widespread positive mood in Ireland due to the country's enormous
    economic growth of recent years. It is clear, however, that major challenges
    lie ahead for the trade unions, not least regarding the negotiation of an
    agreement to replace Partnership 2000 [1] (P2000) (IE9702103F [2]), the
    current national programme which runs from January 1997 to March 2000.

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications