Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

Read less

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    In May 1999, France's Ministry for Employment and Solidarity published an
    initial progress report on the 1998 law on the 35-hour working week, aimed at
    fueling discussions on the second law on the issue, which is to be voted on
    by the end of 1999. On 21 June, Martine Aubry, the Minister concerned,
    publicly announced the principal outlines of the proposed second law. She
    plans a one-year transition period between the law being passed and its
    coming into effect, while her comments have triggered a debate on the
    legitimacy of the agreements on working time signed by minority trade unions.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    Worker representatives and the management of Michelin in Spain have used
    collective bargaining to adapt prevailing legislation to their own
    circumstances, by creating a contractual formula half way between the
    full-time and the part-time employment contract. The result, agreed in June
    1998, is a permanent contract that allows full-time workers to be switched to
    part-time work in line with production requirements. The agreement stresses
    the participation of worker representatives in this process. The agreement
    permitted 400 new permanent contracts to be signed by June 1999.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    Ireland's largest trade union, SIPTU, and the Danish-owned multinational
    cleaning company, ISS, have concluded a formal "partnership" agreement,
    believed to be the first of its kind within the industry, it was reported in
    June 1999. The company has been in business for almost 100 years, starting as
    a small security operation in Denmark, and is currently a major Europe-wide
    company, with important operations in Asia and South America, and has over
    100,000 employees worldwide. When ISS established its European Works Council
    in 1995, it was one of the first such bodies in the services sector to
    include representation from Ireland. ISS is the second-largest contract
    cleaning company in Ireland but it has a very high rate of turnover among its
    2,500 staff, which it is urgently seeking to address. The new agreement,
    which is also aimed at staff retention, is likely to be examined by other
    firms with high staff turnover problems.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    A new Bill presented to parliament on 6 May 1999 provides a new definition of
    "occupational healthcare" in the Swedish Work Environment Act
    (arbetsmiljölagen, /SFS 1977:1160, 2b§/
    ). It states that the employer should be responsible for making arrangements
    for all kinds of occupational healthcare required by the working conditions
    at the specific workplace. By "occupational healthcare", the law means an
    independent expert resource in the areas of the work environment and
    rehabilitation. Occupational healthcare should be designed so as to prevent
    health risks in workplaces and to outline the links between the work
    environment, organisation, productivity and health. The new paragraph will
    become operative from 1 January 2000.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    On 24 May 1999, the Trades Union Congress (TUC) held a major conference to
    promote "partnership" at the workplace and to showcase some of the more
    innovative of recent, union-based partnership agreements. The event was
    attended by some 400 managers, policymakers and trade union representatives.
    Of particular significance was the participation in the conference of the
    Prime Minister, the trade and industry secretary and the director-general of
    the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), all of whom supported the spread
    of partnership arrangements though they stopped short of endorsing every
    specific aspect of the TUC's partnership agenda.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    Italy is celebrating the Millennium with a year of "Great Jubilee"
    celebrations during 2000. In June 1999 the social partners signed a "protocol
    of intent" on a "social truce" for 2000. The text sets out the partners'
    strategies, objectives and commitments for starting the new Millennium in a
    climate of social peace.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    Territorial Employment Pacts (TEP s) are an EU initiative aimed at
    stabilising local and regional labour markets in selected European regions by
    promoting consensus and cooperation between all relevant local actors. In
    mid-1999, there are seven TEPs operational in six of Austria's nine
    provinces. The agreement on an eighth pact is expected by September 1999. In
    the two remaining provinces, Burgenland and Styria, TEPs are under
    preparation. Burgenland, which stretches along the Hungarian border, is the
    poorest province and has the highest unemployment rate, whilst Styria has the
    highest rate of long-term unemployment outside Vienna. The first three TEPs
    were initiated in the three westernmost provinces, all of which have
    relatively low unemployment. However, all three experienced a surge of
    long-term unemployment in 1997. The fourth, also initiated in 1997, covers
    Vienna [1] where unemployment is above the national average. These four pacts
    will all expire at the end of 1999 but will be renewed. The fifth pact, also
    in Vienna, and the only one linked explicitly to Austria's National Action
    Plan [2] (NAP) for employment implementing the EU Employment Guidelines [3]
    (AT9901120F [4]), took effect in autumn 1998 and will run until the end of
    2004. The shortest-term pact covers Upper Austria- it is limited to the
    calendar year 1999 but will also be renewed. The TEP in Carinthia is
    scheduled to run for four years from the beginning of 1999 to the end of
    2002. The TEP for Lower Austria will run from the beginning of 2000 until the
    end of 2004.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/pacts/en/list/63.htm
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/naps99/napau_en.pdf
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/labour-market-undefined/national-action-plan-on-employment-poses-challenges

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    After three weeks of industrial action, which forced the closure of the major
    national museums and historic sites, staff at France's Ministry for Culture
    protesting at job insecurity called a halt to their strike in early June
    1999, until the forthcoming budget negotiations. They accepted a protocol
    agreement, which provides for a five-year plan to turn temporary jobs into
    stable employment.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    The management of Iveco-Pegaso, the Spanish vehicle manufacturer, will
    convert temporary posts into permanent ones, but only on condition that the
    workers' committee accepts an automatic dismissal clause for the workers on
    the new contracts in the event of a fall in production. Over May-July 1999,
    trade unions in the company organised a series of strikes in protest.

  • Article
    27 juni 1999

    According to an Irish Business and Employers Confederation (IBEC) survey,
    published on 22 June 1999, Irish companies are introducing a range of
    "partnership"-type measures in cooperation with their employees (IE9811264N
    [1]). The survey was based in a sample of 400 enterprises - all with 50 or
    more employees - and employing a total of 207,847 workers between them. The
    vast majority are private sector companies but there is also an unspecified
    number of commercial semi-state and non-commercial state organisations.
    Unionised and non-unionised companies are both included, across all regions,
    sectors and sizes.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/partnership-deals-signposts-to-the-future

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications