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  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    On 13 January 1997, an agreement was signed on the introduction of new shop
    opening hours. Since 1990 shops have been allowed to open on a 24-hours a day
    basis in the wake of legislation to deregulate shop opening hours (article
    42, Law 1892/1990) in line with the then Conservative Government's policies
    on liberalisation. In late 1996, a number of businesses - members of the
    employers' organisation, SELPE- proceeded to introduce later working hours on
    Saturdays in Athens and its outer suburbs. In parallel, they took joint
    action with other bodies (including the Athens municipal authority and the
    Chamber of Commerce and Industry) to try to introduce Sunday shop opening. In
    response, the unions announced that they would fight this initiative and that
    they would demand amendments to Law 1892/1990.

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    The Spanish chemicals sector agreement signed in April 1997 takes into
    account the national agreement on labour market reform recently concluded by
    unions and employers, with respect to types of employment contract and
    temporary employment agencies

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    Luxembourg's Economic and Social Council has recently responded to a
    government request for its opinion, with a view to reforming the Law of 12
    June 1965 relating to collective agreements and of the Grand-Ducal Order of 6
    October 1945 dealing with the National Conciliation Office (Office National
    de Conciliation).

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    Strikes in the Port of Rotterdam in the early months of 1997 demonstrate once
    again its distinctive position in the Dutch system of industrial relations.
    The ongoing process of reorganisation in the mixed-cargo sector, which has a
    long tradition of trade unionism, is responsible for regular labour disputes
    in the form of court action and both organised and wildcat strikes .

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    A two-year collective agreement was approved by the 225,000 employees in the
    government sector (DK9702103N [1]) and the 662,000 employees in the county
    and municipal bargaining area, offering a 4.25% pay increase, wage adjustment
    schemes, and improved pension and maternity leave provisions. However the
    1997 collective bargaining rounds represented more than adjustments of pay,
    pensions and maternity leave; it was, as the Minister of Finance, Mogens
    Lykketoft said, "a peaceful wage revolution", introducing a more flexible and
    decentralised salary-scale system.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/two-year-collective-agreement-for-government-employees

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    On 28 April 1997, the German Public Services, Transport and Traffic Union
    (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the
    German White-Collar Workers' Union (Deutsche Angestellten-Gewerkschaft, DAG)
    announced the foundation of a new joint subsidiary union for the employees of
    international and European organisations which are located in Germany.
    Through the newly established "International Public Servants Organisation"
    (IPSO), both unions want to create an effective interest representation for
    the employees working in organisations like the European Monetary Institute
    in Frankfurt or the European Patent Office in Munich. The foundation of IPSO
    should also avoid competition between ÖTV and DAG in the recruitment of
    members in international and European organisations, and should lead to a
    closer cooperation between the unions. The latter is particularly important
    because of the fact that the DAG is the only significant German trade union
    which is not a member of the German Federation of Trade Unions (Deutscher
    Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB).

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    In Greece, temporary work, especially in the form of fixed-term contracts,
    constitutes a policy widespread amongst enterprises in both private and
    public sectors. Although the phenomenon of temporary work has decreased
    considerably in comparison with the early 1990s, when its incidence was twice
    that of the EU average (18% and 9% respectively), it is still quite high
    (10.5% and 11% respectively). A factor contributing to this decrease was the
    decision of the Government in the course of 1990 to dismiss 50,000 temporary
    public employees as part of its attempt to rationalise the functioning of the
    public sector.

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    One of Ireland's smallest banks, the Ulster Bank, is seeking to replace its
    incremental-based pay system with a new performance-related reward scheme for
    most of its 1,000 staff in the Republic of Ireland. The bank's proposals have
    been resisted by members of the banking union, the Irish Bank Officials
    Association (IBOA). They have, however, been accepted by its staff in
    Northern Ireland who are part of the British industrial relations system.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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