Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    The Standing Committee for Social Dialogue (the Economic and Social Council's
    tripartite committee) has approved new rules relating to family credits in
    Portugal.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    The law on social welfare, adopted in November 1995, included provisions on a
    range of matters, such as: the submission of the social security budget to
    parliamentary vote; the setting up of a new tax known as "social security
    deficit clearance" (Remboursement de la dette sociale); the abolition of
    pension funds relating to specific sectors, which sparked off the rail strike
    in November and December 1995 and was finally withdrawn; and the setting up
    of personal health record books. One of the provisions related to the
    reduction of health expenditure and a reorganisation of the healthcare
    system. Two types of redistribution in particular were provided for:

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    From 1979, the economic policy of successive Conservative Governments was
    based on a fundamental belief in the effectiveness of free markets. In the
    case of the labour market, there was an emphasis on deregulation and the
    importance of flexibility in creating employment and economic growth. The
    Conservatives claimed that the UK's lack of regulation has reduced
    unemployment, while the rest of Europe's higher social costs, greater
    regulation and the adoption of the "social chapter" (the social policy
    Protocol and Agreement attached to the Maastricht Treaty on European Union)
    has caused unemployment and a lack of competitiveness. This prompted the
    "opt-out" from the social chapter and a continuous resistance to other forms
    European Union-level regulation - over working time, for instance.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) has published more information
    about the activities to be launched as part of its "European Day of Action
    for Employment", to take place all across the EU as well as in some Central
    and Eastern European countries on 28 May 1997.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    The next step in the Renault Vilvoorde saga (BE9703202F [1]) was probably not
    initially foreseen by Renault senior management in Paris. Indeed, although
    the Renault managing director, Louis Schweitzer, has already announced that
    the tribunal decision to annul the closure of the Renault plant in Vilvoorde
    will in no way interfere with the plans to close the plant, it has slightly
    changed the dynamics and the timetable of the course of events.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/the-closure-of-renault-vilvoorde

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    "Territorial pacts" (patti territoriali) are an interesting and innovative
    form of social dialogue that could change the Italian experience of "social
    concertation", with important consequences. By developing the idea of these
    pacts, the consultative National Council for Economic Affairs and Labour
    (CNEL [1]), which had not previously played an important role in this field,
    could assume a key position in social dialogue, particularly in the
    preparation of agreements for the economic development of crisis-hit areas in
    Southern Italy.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary-173

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    Pay for 15,000 newspaper distributors has been increased by SEK 2.75 per hour
    retrospectively from 1 January 1997 and by SEK 0.45 from 1 August 1997,
    according to the new collective agreement between the Swedish Publishers'
    Association and the Swedish Transport Workers' Union. The agreement runs for
    one year. A novel feature of the agreement is that employees from now on have
    undertaken to distribute periodicals and other items of mail together with
    the newspapers. The employers have thus achieved one of their important
    demands.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the telecommunication conglomerate Deutsche Telekom AG and
    the Deutsche Postgewerkschaft (DPG) postal workers' union signed a package of
    enterprise-level collective agreements for the employees at the Telekom
    subsidiary Deutsche Telekom Mobilnet GmbH (DeTeMobil). After five months of
    negotiations, this package represents the first such collective agreement in
    the mobile telephony industry since the beginning of the step-by-step
    liberalisation of the telecommunications sector.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    Currently the minimum wage in the tourism sector is ATS 54 net per hour. The
    Hotel, Restaurant, Personal Services Workers (Gewerkschaft Hotel,
    Gastgewerbe, Persönlicher Dienst,HGPD) is seeking an increase of the minimum
    gross monthly full-time wage from ATS 11,440 to ATS 12,000 (payable 14 times
    per year). This is a nominal increase of 4.9%. With current inflation
    projections running at 1.9%, a real pay increase of 3.0% would result. The
    minimum net monthly income would be increased by ATS 378.40 from ATS 9,358 to
    ATS 9,736.40, a nominal increase of 4.0%. On the basis of 173 hours per
    month, the net hourly rate would increase by ATS 2.18 from the current ATS
    54.00.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications