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  • Article
    27 april 1997

    In April 1997, the Norwegian Supreme Court found the Government not guilty of
    abusing compulsory arbitration in order to stop industrial conflict. The
    Federation of Offshore Workers' Trade Unions (OFS), which brought the
    domestic lawsuit against the Government, lost on all counts.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    In the framework of negotiations for the two-year National General Collective
    Agreement covering the years 1996 and 1997, the GSEE (Greek General
    Confederation of Labour) trade union confederation placed on the agenda of
    discussions with the employers its demand for the reduction of weekly working
    hours to 35 without a reduction in pay. The negotiations led to the creation
    of a working party of technical experts from both sides of industry to study
    the issue and its effects on employment and competitiveness.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    An international comparison of labour disputes from 1986 to 1995 by /Labour
    Market Trends/ (April 1997) highlights that the UK had the fourth-lowest
    strike rate of the 22 member countries of the Organisation for Economic
    Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 1995. Only Austria, Switzerland and
    Germany had a lower level of strikes than the UK. The UK strike rate has been
    below the OECD average since 1986 and below the EU average since 1990.
    Between 1991 and 1995 the average rate in the UK was 24 working days lost per
    1,000 workers - an 82% fall over the previous five-year period. But the UK's
    rise in the international "league table" of two places since 1994 took place
    despite an increase in the strike rate itself.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    A Presidential Decree on the establishment of European Works Councils (EWCs)
    in Greece was signed on 20 March 1997. Its purpose is to transpose into Greek
    law EC Directive 94/45/EC on the provision of information and consultation to
    employees in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of
    undertakings, which, under the terms of the Directive, should have been
    transposed by 22 September 1996. The Presidential Decree takes up the option
    provided in the Directive of not applying its provisions to maritime workers.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    In the Netherlands, there has been a long struggle over how responsibilities
    for administering social security should be divided between social partners
    and the government. The Dutch social security administration has been
    reorganised - most recently from March 1997 - under pressure of criticism
    about organisations in which the social partners play a dominant role.
    Financing the social security system has become a structural problem in the
    relations between the Government and the social partners. This has become
    especially manifest in conflicts concerning the level at which social
    security contributions should be set.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    Under a novel provision in the Finance Bill, 1997 which gives effect to this
    year's Budget, employees are now entitled to tax relief on individual
    lump-sum payments paid in the context of company restructuring. The payments
    can be made by companies to their employees for agreeing to pay
    restructuring, which must involve overall pay reductions of at last 10% of an
    employee's average salary for the previous two years and must remain in force
    for at least five years. While it is possible that basic pay could be hit by
    the measure, the sort of payroll reductions envisaged are more likely to
    effect non-basic pay items such as overtime, bonus payments and shift
    allowances.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    An Intergovernmental Conference is the method used by the Member States of
    the European Union (EU) to agree on basic changes to the Treaties which
    govern the workings of the Union. Changes to the Treaties are not carried out
    within the framework of the EU itself, but by direct negotiations between the
    governments of the Member States within the context of the IGC. The current
    IGC is the sixth in the history of European integration.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    The cases have been hailed as a major victory for all National Health Service
    (NHS) staff by the Manufacturing, Science and Finance (MSF) trade union,
    which represented the workers involved in their cases. The union's national
    secretary, Roger Kline said that the: "case is a momentous one. It has
    implications for women staff throughout the NHS and other industries. It is a
    landmark decision and is the biggest single breakthrough on equal pay for
    women for many years."

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications