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  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    With the agreement of 30 May between the Building Workers' Union and the
    Employers' Federation of the Swedish Construction Industry, the last of
    1997's major collective agreements was concluded. It gave 70,000 building
    workers an increase of SEK 2.50 per hour and, for the first time, payment
    during certain public holidays. According to the union, this represents an
    overall pay increase of 3.1%, while the employers estimate its value to be
    2.6%. Irrespective of who is right, the agreement is very much in line with
    the 1997 average settlement.

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    On 3 June 1997, an agreement was finally reached between the Generalitat
    (Catalonia's autonomous regional government) and the central Government in
    Spain to transfer part of the management of the National Institute of
    Employment (INEM) to the Catalan regional administration. A historic demand
    that has been made for over 15 years has thus been satisfied. For the central
    Government, the transfer of INEM to Catalonia is a "pilot scheme" that will
    serve as a basis for the transfer of powers in this field to other autonomous
    communities such as Galicia and the Basque Country.

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    A new collective agreement was concluded in May 1997 for Luxembourg's banking
    sector. In contrast to the previous 1993 agreement, the accord was signed by
    all the main trade unions in the sector.

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    On 10 June 1997, Renault management announced the appointment of an
    independent expert who will evaluate, on an economic basis, the potential
    measures envisaged to "compensate for the inefficiency involved in the
    structure of Renault's production facilities".

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    The decision in May 1997 by Halivourgiki, the largest steel concern in
    Greece, to introduce flexible working hours, reduce its workforce and close a
    part of the production line has led to an industrial dispute. We examine the
    factors behind Halivourgiki's decision and the reactions of employees and
    their representatives.

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    On 4 June, Padraig Flynn, the European Commissioner responsible for social
    affairs, employment and industrial relations, launched a consultation
    document on "information and consultation of workers within the national
    framework" (EU9706132F [1]). The document constitutes the first stage of
    consultation of the European-level social partners under the Maastricht
    social policy Agreement procedure, and could thus lead to a European-level
    agreement and/or Community legislation. If the Commission's proposals bear
    fruit, there would be minimum standards across Europe to ensure that workers
    enjoy rights to be informed and consulted. These rights would apply to all
    workers in enterprises above a certain size (50 employees has been suggested
    as a possible threshold). The new measure would reinforce existing
    requirements on national information and consultation over transfers of
    undertakings, collective redundancies and health and safety issues.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined/european-social-partners-discuss-the-social-impact-of-restructuring

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    The European Council meeting in Amsterdam on 16 and 17 June 1997 concluded
    the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) with the agreement of a new draft
    Treaty. The conclusion of the IGC leaves the path open for launching the
    enlargement process, and the timetable for the single currency has equally
    been reaffirmed. Economic stability, growth and employment also featured
    prominently in talks between the governments of the 15 member states.
    Reinforced by the participation of members from the two new left-of-centre
    governments of France and the United Kingdom, the European Council agreed to
    give fresh momentum to keeping employment firmly at the top of the European
    Union's agenda.

  • Article
    27 juni 1997

    The confederation of Critical Shareholders (Kritische Aktionäre) is an
    alliance of about 35 small shareholders' groups and other non-governmental
    organisations such as environmental, consumer and anti-militaristic groups.
    Currently, the Critical Shareholders are active in about 40 German
    corporations including the most important German banks as well as various
    industrial corporations in the automobile, electronic, chemical and food
    industries. They can call on up to 5% of the votes cast in some of the
    companies.

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    Tourism is one of Austria's major industries, contributing an estimated 10%
    of the GDP. There are about 70,000 businesses with a turnover that has
    recently stabilised at about ATS 180,000 million. Employment is about 142,000
    on annual average, or roughly 5% of the national total. In the peak season,
    in mid-summer, the industry employs about 160,000 people. Neither employment
    figure includes the employers themselves, who are an important part of the
    workforce in the industry. The median gross income for a complete full-time
    working month of 30 days in 1995 was ATS 15,980, as against ATS 22,600 for
    all industries together. The low incomes correlate with a large share of
    female employees. In 1995, the number of people employed for at least one day
    stood at 221,127. Of these, 134,614 were women, of whom 119,865 were employed
    on a waged basis and only 14,749 on salaries. Such a small share of salaried
    employees, both among men and women is unusual. At the same time, the
    profitability of large parts of the industry is repeatedly cast in doubt by
    commentators.

  • Article
    27 maj 1997

    The debate on reforming the law to permit trade unions in the PSP - in
    relation specifically to policemen and women - broke out again in Portugal at
    the end of 1996, and has been continuing ever since. The debate, fully
    covered in the media and commented on by the main political parties,
    culminated on 21 April 1997 with a meeting of PSP members, many of whom wore
    their uniforms. The meeting turned into a public demonstration at the
    Ministry of the Interior- the Ministry in charge of that particular police
    force - with harsh words being shouted at the Minister.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications