COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch
The disruption of work and life as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic across the EU is unprecedented. All countries have implemented regulations or recommendations to apply social/physical distancing such as teleworking or more stringent workplace health and safety measures. These have impacted first on businesses with direct face-to-face or client contacts, gradually forcing other business activities to turn to short-time work schemes, shut down or re-orient their working arrangements. Consequently, a growing number of businesses are coming under threat, putting the jobs of more and more workers at risk.
Policymakers – including governments, support institutions, social partners and other social actors – moved swiftly to mitigate the social and economic effects on businesses, workers and citizens. Eurofound’s COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch aims to map measures introduced to cushion the social and economic effects on businesses, workers and citizens. It also includes information on the role played by social partners in the design and implementation of the measures.
Eurofound’s COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts. The aims are:
- to give an overview of policy measures introduced in EU Member States (as well as Norway and the United Kingdom which also participate in Eurofound’s network of correspondents.)
- to create a shared pool of information for Eurofound, its stakeholders and users
- to record selected examples of company practices
- to identify cross-country trends regarding policy measures as the crisis evolves
Data have been mainly provided by the Network of Eurofound Correspondents, with quality control carried out by Eurofound staff. At present, Eurofound’s regular country updates on developments in working life have been suspended. A mapping report, COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe, drawing on the main contents of the database, is in preparation and will be published in June 2020.
COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch includes large-scale government measures and wider collective agreements, as well as regional and local initiatives and support measures for smaller groups of workers. As the situation is evolving, measures are newly implemented, changed or cancelled and replaced at rapid speed. It is planned to update the cases in July and October 2020 with information on the actual uptake of the main measures.
Outside the scope of this database are public health measures, travel and movement restrictions and company-specific job losses, the latter of which are reported in Eurofound’s European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) events database. The ERM database on support instruments for restructuring also provides more structural information on some types of measures, also offering the option to filter by measures taken in response to COVID-19.
The database contains policy measures including collective agreements, as well as examples of company practices aimed at cushioning the social and economic impacts of COVID-19. Each case gives a short description of the regulatory background, followed by a summary of the content of the measures, target groups and eligibility criteria, the main actors involved in its design and implementation. In addition, information on the social partners’ involvement and role is provided.
COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch forms part of Eurofound’s multi-pronged response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Other ongoing work includes the online survey 'Living, working and COVID-19', the first findings of which were published on 6 May with the final results scheduled for September 2020. A comprehensive research report drawing on other research activities, will also be published later this year entitled 'COVID-19: Some implications for employment and working life'.
- Topic: COVID-19
- Publication: Living, working and COVID-19: First findings – April 2020
- Forthcoming publication: COVID-19: Some implications for employment and working life
Categories of measures
The following main categories with associated subcategories are included. The bars show the number of cases in each category. You can click on a category to view all cases in that category, or use the dashboard to filter cases by various attributes.
Overview by country
The database covers all countries of the European Union, Norway, and the United Kingdom. You can click on a country to view all cases in that country, or use the dashboard to filter cases by various attributes.
Social partner involvement
The database collates the form of social partner involvement and role that social partners played in implementing measures. The following section shows the role of social partner involvement by category of measures.