Employment and social developments in Europe: annual review 2018

This edition of the annual Employment and Social Developments (ESDE) continues the exploration of the impact of the mega-trends by contributing to a better understanding of the changing world of work and its implications for employment and society. It will do so by analysing key employment and social issues for the European Union and its Member States, building on the key principles of the Pillar. The findings of the analysis are in line with the priorities outlined in the European Commission's proposal of May 2018 for the EU's post-2020 Multi-Annual Financial Framework. ESDE reviews trends towards increasing automation in production and new forms of work appearing in labour markets. Specifically, it considers what these trends imply for equal opportunities, fair working conditions, adequate and sustainable social protection, and the dialogue between the social partners. The crucial questions on which this ESDE annual review focuses are: how is the world of work in the EU changing? What are the benefits and risks emanating from these changes? Are robots and automation creating more jobs than they are destroying? What skills will the future labour market require and how can people be helped to acquire them? How are changes in the world of work affecting the social fabric, including inequality? How can decent working conditions and adequate social protection be ensured in the years to come? In other words, how can the resilience of Europe's labour force be buttressed so that it can support the competitiveness of the EU economy and the well-being of European society in increasingly globalised markets?

European Commission (2018), Employment and Social Developments in Europe: Annual review 2018, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, European Commission, Brussels.


  • Research publication
  • EU28
  • Yes
  • no specific sector focus
  • autonomy and control, employment gain, employment loss, platform characteristics and business model, Sector aspects, competition, lobbying, skills and employability, social protection
  • English
  • European Commission (Government)
  • Qualitative research
  • 2018
  • Open access
Disclaimer  —  Eurofound aims to keep the information in this database up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound bears no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the accuracy or content of this database or of external links over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility.