Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Action plans to combat undeclared work, Latvia

02 June 2013
  • Latvia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

National campaign on undeclared work, Portugal

02 June 2013
  • Portugal
  An awareness and information campaign is under preparation in Portugal based on the need to increase the public's awareness about the risks of undeclared work, particularly as far as sanctions are concerned. The campaign targets the following groups having different types of responsibilities and interventions: citizens in general, children and young people, employers and those at decision-making level; and workers.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Trade union study on the informal economy, Romania

02 June 2013
  • Romania
  The National Trade Union Bloc carried out a study evaluating the magnitude of the informal economy and its impact on the Romanian labour market. According to the study, informal employment in Romania in March 2011 involved 2.9 million persons, 31.4% of total employment, while employment in the informal sector accounted for 1.2 million persons, 13.1% of total employment.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Changes to standard contract in public procurement, Cyprus

02 June 2013
  • Cyprus
  The Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance has introduced several measures to combat undeclared and illegal employment in Cyprus. Among these is the tightening of obligations and penalties in public work contracts in order to support the enforcement of labour legislation.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties, Prevention

Tool to measure labour costs in construction, Italy

02 June 2013
  • Italy
  The social partners in the construction sector defined a set of ‘appropriateness’ parameters in October 2010 to be used to assess the regularity of firms in terms of the incidence of labour on total costs. The parameters are designed to promote the regularisation of undeclared work. At present, an experimental phase is still under way.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Measures to curb employing migrants illegally, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
  As a result of the opening of the Slovak labour market in 2004, illegal migration to the country increased. To prevent illegal immigration, including illegal employment, specific measures were adopted in 2011 by amendments to the Act No. 223/2011. The adopted legislation also transposed the EU Directive on illegal migration and improved cooperation between partner institutions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Information and awareness-raising campaign, Lithuania

02 June 2013
  • Lithuania
  In order to tackle the issue of undeclared work more effectively, in 2009 the State Labour Inspectorate placed greater emphasis on business consulting, public information and awareness-raising. The activities were implemented through various media channels, such as radio, television, press, internet, information screens in shopping centres and public transport. According to the inspectorate, the intensified public information campaign created a zero tolerance attitude towards undeclared work in society.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Hotline to report illegal temporary agencies, Netherlands

02 June 2013
  • Netherlands
  In March 2012 the Inspectorate of the Ministry of Social Affairs opened a hotline to report illegal or rogue temporary employment agencies. The hotline responds to the complaints of both the companies working with temporary employment agencies and to victims' complaints. It is part of a broad, inclusive approach, in which several ministries and the branch itself cooperate. If necessary, Interpol can be called in and an agreement has been reached with the Flemish government.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

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