Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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District employment services for domestic work, Spain

14 August 2013
  • Spain
  In the district of Nazaret in València, an employment office along with a range of other services were created several years ago for women working in domestic services. The initiative was supported by a number of institutions, mainly public and religious, and was managed by an association. The office and services have since evolved and are now offered in a more organised way, and to other groups and occupations. The initiative promotes the creation of employment and of formal work contracts.
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Social partner agreements to fight undeclared work, Germany

03 June 2013
  • Germany
  In 2004, the Federal Ministry of Finance and the social partners in the construction sector joined forces to fight undeclared work on construction sites. This first agreement was followed by similar agreements in other sectors. The two latest social partner agreements cover painters (2010) and the industrial textile services sector (2012), aimed at curbing the incidence of undeclared work through the exchange of information, regular visits to establishments checking for cases undeclared work and monitoring the adherence to minimum wages.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Exemption from social security contributions, Montenegro

02 June 2013
  • Montenegro
  This measure offers an incentive to employers to register their unregistered employees, in the form of an exemption from social security contributions for the first year of a newly registered employee, combined with a range of sanctions for employers. The measure has succeeded in reducing the incidence of waged undeclared work.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Construction Industry Scheme, UK

02 June 2013
  • United Kingdom
  The Construction Industry Scheme was launched as a regulatory measure in 2005 to improve tax compliance within the construction sector. Feedback from the sector suggests that the measure has been effective in ensuring compliance. However, the measure does not address other aspects of undeclared work in the construction sector such as false declarations of self-employed status.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

SMARTS student competition, Latvia

02 June 2013
  • Latvia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Compulsory registration of temporary work agencies, Norway

02 June 2013
  • Norway
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Tighter control over undeclared work, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Contractor’s obligations and liability act, Finland

02 June 2013
  • Finland
  The Act on ‘The contractor’s obligations and liability when work is contracted out’ requires that the party responsible for a construction project obtains the necessary guarantees that subcontractors will fulfil their various obligations. The law has been in effect since 2007, but obligations in the construction sector were amplified in 2012.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Measures to curb employing migrants illegally, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
  As a result of the opening of the Slovak labour market in 2004, illegal migration to the country increased. To prevent illegal immigration, including illegal employment, specific measures were adopted in 2011 by amendments to the Act No. 223/2011. The adopted legislation also transposed the EU Directive on illegal migration and improved cooperation between partner institutions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

National campaign on undeclared work, Portugal

02 June 2013
  • Portugal
  An awareness and information campaign is under preparation in Portugal based on the need to increase the public's awareness about the risks of undeclared work, particularly as far as sanctions are concerned. The campaign targets the following groups having different types of responsibilities and interventions: citizens in general, children and young people, employers and those at decision-making level; and workers.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

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