Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Fair Play project, Iceland

02 June 2013
  • Iceland
  In close cooperation between social partners in Iceland, two campaigns were launched between mid-2011 and summer 2012, called the Fair Play campaigns. Both campaigns were targeted at creating fairer competition between companies and safeguarding employees’ rights by stamping out undeclared work. The campaigns were launched through the media as well as by printed flyers highlighting how undeclared work is a threat to the welfare of Icelandic society.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Tax reforms to create new jobs, Turkey

02 June 2013
  • Turkey
  To take away barriers to formalisation and to reduce the costs of labour, the Turkish government introduced a series of tax reforms aimed mainly at reducing the tax burden for companies and employees. Since 2006, these reforms have resulted in the creation of many additional formal jobs.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Social information and investigation service, Belgium

02 June 2013
  • Belgium
  The federal government of Belgium has set up the Social Information and Investigation Service to intensify and streamline the fight against social welfare benefit fraud. This new organisation is specifically designed to improve coordination between the various parties involved in fraud prevention. As part of this initiative, the competencies of social welfare inspectors have also been extended.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Joint effective control on undeclared work, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

New rules against employing third-country nationals, Malta

02 June 2013
  • Malta
  • Type of measure:

Trade union study on the informal economy, Romania

02 June 2013
  • Romania
  The National Trade Union Bloc carried out a study evaluating the magnitude of the informal economy and its impact on the Romanian labour market. According to the study, informal employment in Romania in March 2011 involved 2.9 million persons, 31.4% of total employment, while employment in the informal sector accounted for 1.2 million persons, 13.1% of total employment.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Customer Liability and Fraud Prevention Acts, Austria

02 June 2013
  • Austria
  A variety of measures have been implemented in recent years in order to tackle social fraud practices in Austria, which have especially (but not exclusively) occurred in the construction sector. Two laws have recently been passed that make the subcontracting of ‘bogus’ companies more difficult. The 2009 Customer Liability Act targets construction companies subcontracting work to other companies. The 2011 Fraud Prevention Act aims to remove the unfair competitive advantage of some market players over others.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Joint alliance against the black economy, Norway

02 June 2013
  • Norway
  In 2008, Norway’s central social partners, the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Administration renegotiated an agreement obliging them to further develop their joint cooperation against the black economy. The alliance primarily engages in awareness-raising activities and provides companies, entrepreneurs, workers and consumers with information on the societal consequences of undeclared work and guidelines on how to follow tax rules through their websites, as well as popular educational programmes directed at young people.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality, Prevention

Connecting fiscal devices to the National Revenue Agency, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
  The severe drop in state revenues following the economic crisis of 2008 led to a renewed public interest in the undeclared work debate. Since 2008, Bulgaria has experienced high revenue losses and a higher level of tax evasion. To address this situation, the government decided to connect the fiscal devices of all trade entities with the computer system of the National Revenue Agency in real time. The measure aims to strengthen the government’s administration of taxes and curtail informal activities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

One-stop shop business registration, Croatia

02 June 2013
  • Croatia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

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