Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Standing groups to control illegal work, Lithuania

02 June 2013
  • Lithuania
  In order to tackle undeclared work more effectively, in 2011 the State Labour Inspectorate set up standing groups to control illegal work in Lithuania’s five largest cities to undertake control and prevention of undeclared work. The groups consist of VDI inspectors (lawyers) who were provided with appropriate resources. Where necessary, assistance can be sought from representatives of other institutions. The results show that this initiative has contributed to better detection of undeclared work compared to previous years.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Grey Economy Information Unit, Finland

02 June 2013
  • Finland
  The Grey Economy Information Unit was established by law on 1 January 2011. It is a specialist unit within the tax administration department, whose brief is to gather information and conduct investigations into undeclared work and other types of undeclared economic activity. The unit was based on a previous collaborative project between various authorities.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

SMARTS student competition, Latvia

02 June 2013
  • Latvia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Tighter control over undeclared work, Slovakia

02 June 2013
  • Slovakia
 
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Deterrence: increase penalties

Mixed teams of inspectors, Cyprus

02 June 2013
  • Cyprus
  The Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance has introduced several measures to combat undeclared and illegal employment in Cyprus. Among these measures are the expansion of the role of the mixed teams of inspectors who identify cases of undeclared employment, to include the application of the Equal Treatment in Employment and Occupation Law of 2004 in order to ensure that all employees are treated equally.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Targeted incentives to register employees, Croatia

02 June 2013
  • Croatia
  Employers are awarded grants to employ specific groups who are threatened by unemployment and at risk of turning to undeclared work. In particular, the grants enable young people without relevant experience or education to gain work experience or relevant training, and this enhances their employability.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Local employment agencies, Belgium

02 June 2013
  • Belgium
  The system of ‘Local employment agencies’ (Agences locales pour l’emploi/Plaatselijke werkgelegenheidsagentschappen, ALE/PWA) was the first attempt to transfer certain household services into the formal labour market in Belgium. Up to then, many of these services were made available through undeclared work. Through the ALE/PWA, long-term unemployed people can carry out neighbourhood services for private persons, local authorities, non-profit associations or schools.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Coordinated inspection system, the Netherlands

02 June 2013
  • Netherlands
Undeclared work is an ongoing problem and a strongly debated issue in the Netherlands. In July 2012 an agricultural employer was sentenced to three years in jail for exploiting foreign workers. This case came to the light through the recent intensified inspections by the interventions teams from the SZW Inspectorate (formerly the Labour Inspectorate), which has become more focused in its checks. The teams concentrate their inspection work on sectors having a dubious reputation: agriculture, construction and cleaning.
  • Type of measure:

Awareness campaigns in agriculture and construction, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

02 June 2013
  • Macedonia
  The International Labour Organization (ILO) supported the government of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in setting up and implementing awareness-raising campaigns. The aim of these campaigns was to increase awareness of negative aspects of undeclared work whilst pointing out the advantages of formalising within the agricultural and construction sectors. Attention was also given to decent working conditions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Electronic labour card, Greece

02 June 2013
  • Greece
One of the few legislative measures for tackling undeclared work in Greece is the establishment of a special electronic labour card. The pilot implementation of the innovative measure aims to provide incentives and counterincentives for the observance of the labour and social security legislation. The measure has not yet been implemented in practice, and it is expected it will have only a limited effect on preventing the rapid spread of undeclared work in the country.
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

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