Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Workplace ID cards, Iceland

02 June 2013
  • Iceland
  The Icelandic Confederation of Labour and the Confederation of Icelandic Employers have agreed on the obligation, in selected industries, for all employers to ensure that their employees get workplace ID cards when they begin working. They have also formed inspectorate units: under this system, inspectors go to worksites to check on workplace IDs, thus taking action against undeclared work.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising

Illegal Work Leaves Traces campaign, Montenegro

02 June 2013
  • Montenegro
  In order to counter undeclared work in the Montenegrin tourism sector, the hotel industry and the Montenegrin government launched a joint campaign. The campaign sought to highlight that unfair trade damages markets and legal business, destroys social and socio-political relations and is detrimental to all citizens and to the Montenegrin community. The campaign encouraged citizens to actively stand up and join the fight against undeclared work.   Background
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Changing attitudes: commitment to tax morality

Law against wage and social dumping, Austria

02 June 2013
  • Austria
  On 1 May 2011, the seven-year transitional period banning workers from eight new central and eastern European Member States from entering the Austrian labour market ended. In order to prevent social and wage dumping, a law bringing in stricter controls and penalties for these offences was introduced. However, the law leaves a loophole for companies refusing to disclose wage documentation. Administrative fines for this offence are much smaller than are the penalties for wage and social dumping.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: increase penalties

Reverse VAT in construction, Finland

02 June 2013
  • Finland
  Reverse VAT is a system used in the construction sector in which VAT is paid by the buyer (main contractor) as opposed to the seller (subcontractors), as is usually the case. The purpose is to ensure the due collection of VAT and discourage the use of undeclared work.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

New rules for marginal employees, Germany

02 June 2013
  • Germany
  The federal government introduced new regulations for marginal part-time employment, specifically lower tax and insurance contributions, in an effort to boost employment in the low-wage sector and tackle undeclared work. In addition, a Mini-job Centre was set up with responsibility for the registration of mini-jobs and the collection of contributions.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Undeclared work inspections, Czech Republic

02 June 2013
  • Czech Republic
  In order to cut down on the numbers of illegally employed citizens of the Czech Republic as well as foreign nationals and to enhance the client-oriented approach in employment services, a new system of undeclared work inspections has been introduced. The project is being implemented by the State Labour Inspection Office with its partners, the Employment Office of the Czech Republic and the Czech Social Security Administration. The duration of the project is two and a half years.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection

Services vouchers, Belgium

02 June 2013
  • Belgium
  On 1 January 2004, the Belgian federal government launched a system of services vouchers in a new attempt to boost job creation by promoting the demand for domestic services and proximity services and to offer an alternative to the local employment agencies’ scheme.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

New tax rules against undeclared work, Denmark

02 June 2013
  • Denmark
 
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Rules for Business Centre, Bulgaria

02 June 2013
  • Bulgaria
 
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention

New rules against employing third-country nationals, Malta

02 June 2013
  • Malta
  • Type of measure:

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