Court judgements on employment status (Uber)

In January 2018, an Uber driver’s request to be regarded as employee was dismissed by the Paris Industrial Tribunal. The driver requested the reclassification of the service provider contract which bound him to the company similar to an employment contract and demanded the payment of paid vacation, the reimbursement of professional expenses as well as compensation for concealed work. However, the Paris Tribunal judged that no control of the working time was exercised by the company which means that the drivers do not have any obligation of being present or be digitally connected. 

In March 2020, the Court of Cassation classified the relation between Uber and its drivers as an employment contract. The ruling followed a complaint issued by a driver in 2017 after his account had been deleted by the platform. 

Following the decision of the Court of Cassation in 2020, the Paris Court of Appeal ruled that the service contract between Uber and its drivers had to be redefined as an employment contract as of May 2021. 

Further information: 

French court: Uber and drivers tied by ‘work contract’ – POLITICO 

Pour la cour d’appel de Paris, un livreur Deliveroo n’est pas un salarié – Social CSE ( 

Un chauffeur Uber n'est pas un salarié pour les prud'hommes - Challenges 


  • Initiative
  • Arbitration
  • France
  • Platform, Worker
  • Yes
  • transport
  • On-location platform-determined routine work
  •  Uber
  • 2022
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