EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change


The restructuring events database contains factsheets with data on large-scale restructuring events reported in the principal national media in each EU member state. It has been in existence since 2002.

The map displays the most recent cases. Nation-wide cases are displayed next to the country name.

Recent restructuring cases

The database is updated daily and grows at a rate of approximately 20-30 new entries a week. To date, more than 27,000 restructuring events have been recorded.

In order to be included in the database, an individual case of restructuring must involve the announced loss or creation of at least 100 jobs, or employment effects affecting at least 10% of a workforce of more than 250 people. A restructuring statistics tool is available to explore summary data from the restructuring events database by country, sector and restructuring type.The full dataset can be made available for non-commercial research purposes. If interested, please submit a request to access the ERM dataset.

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

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Announcement date Country Company Restructuring type Sector Planned job creationabsteigend sortieren Planned job reductions min
04/09/2003 Netherlands Isotis Merger/Acquisition Professional services 25
09/04/2002 France Ruwel Bankruptcy/Closure Manufacturing 350
02/05/2002 France Gemplus Internal restructuring Manufacturing 813
27/03/2003 United Kingdom Shell Outsourcing Mining / quarrying 4,300
16/10/2002 France Yves St-Laurent Haute Couture Merger/Acquisition Manufacturing 162
27/08/2002 Portugal Gartêxtil Bankruptcy/Closure Manufacturing 200
22/03/2003 Italy Zincocelere Bankruptcy/Closure Manufacturing 190
27/05/2002 Netherlands Planet media Internal restructuring Information / communication 172
23/05/2003 Denmark Maersk Air Internal restructuring Transportation / storage 160
17/12/2002 Netherlands Delta Internal restructuring Utilities 100
05/11/2002 Portugal SIC Internal restructuring Information / communication 100
30/09/2003 European Union Ford Internal restructuring Manufacturing 4,700
07/07/2003 Portugal Nova Penteação Bankruptcy/Closure Manufacturing 300
17/03/2004 Sweden Kährs Internal restructuring Manufacturing 285