Monitoring EU convergence

Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends

Customised report
Veröffentlicht
30 September 2020
pdf
Formate

Zusammenfassung

The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the cRead more

The uneven impact of the 2008–2013 economic crisis on Member States brought upward convergence to the fore in EU political debates. The focus was on orienting social policy towards getting the EU back on track, as encapsulated in the European Pillar of Social Rights. However, the meaning of the concept was unclear. Eurofound filled this gap, defining upward convergence as an improvement in performance alongside a reduction in disparities among Member States in a given socioeconomic indicator. Taking this definition as a starting point, this report illustrates the different ways that upward convergence is typically measured. It also summarises convergence patterns in six important socioeconomic indicators over a decade, from the start of the economic crisis to the height of the recovery. The analysis finds that upward convergence patterns are unstable and that Member States need to strengthen their resilience in the economic and social policy domains to achieve sustainable upward convergence.

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Formate

  • Bericht

    Anzahl Seiten: 
    20
    Referenznr.: 
    EF20043
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-2120-2
    Katalognr.: 
    TJ-01-20-555-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/340977
    Catalogue info

    Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends

    Produced at the request of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of Germany in the context of the German Presidency of the Council of the European Union

    Formate

    Zitieren Sie diese Veröffentlichung: 

    Eurofound (2020), Upward convergence in the EU: Definition, measurement and trends, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.

  • Tables and graphs

    The following list of graphs can be found in the report. 

    • Figure 1: Downward divergence in income inequality, 2008–2018, EU27
    • Figure 2: Upward convergence in the employment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
    • Figure 3: Downward divergence in the unemployment rate, 2008–2018, EU27
    • Figure 4: Upward convergence in AROPE, 2008–2017, EU27

Forschungsarbeiten, die vor dem Austritt des Vereinigten Königreichs aus der Europäischen Union am 31. Januar 2020 durchgeführt und anschließend veröffentlicht wurden, können Angaben zu den 28 EU-Mitgliedstaaten enthalten. Nach diesem Datum werden nur noch die 27 EU-Mitgliedstaaten (EU-28 ohne das Vereinigte Königreich) in den Forschungsarbeiten berücksichtigt, sofern nichts anderes angegeben ist.

Dieser Bericht enthält die Ergebnisse von Untersuchungen, die vor dem Ausbruch von COVID-19 im Februar 2020 in Europa durchgeführt wurden. Aus diesem Grund wird der Ausbruch bei den Ergebnissen nicht berücksichtigt.

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