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  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The European framework agreement on part-time work was formally signed on 6
    June 1997 (EU9706131F [1]) by the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC),
    the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and
    the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of
    Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP). The stated purpose of the
    agreement is to remove discrimination against part time workers, improve the
    quality of part-time jobs and facilitate part-time work on a voluntary basis.
    The European Commission will propose a Directive implementing the agreement
    to the Council of Ministers later this year.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-reach-framework-agreement-on-part-time-work

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 6 June 1997, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE) and the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) formally signed a European framework agreement on
    part-time work, in the presence of social affairs Commissioner Padraig Flynn,
    Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok and Dutch Social Affairs Minister Ad Melkert.
    The agreement seeks to establish a general framework for the elimination of
    discrimination against part-time workers, and hopes to contribute towards the
    development of opportunities for part-time working on a basis which is
    acceptable to employers and workers alike. The agreement is the result of
    nine months of intense negotiation, during which success did not always
    appear likely.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 3 June 1997, after three months of negotiations, the chemical workers'
    union, IG Chemie, and the sectoral employers' association,
    Bundesarbeitgeberverband Chemie (BAVC), agreed on the introduction of a new
    "opening clause" in the national pay framework agreement
    (Bundesentgelttarifvertrag) which covers about 590,000 workers in the west
    German chemicals industry. The opening clause provides for the introduction
    of a "wage corridor" which, under certain circumstances, allows companies to
    reduce the collectively agreed wage by up to 10% for a limited period of
    time.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The new industry-wide agreement for the Italian construction sector, signed
    in June 1997, includes provisions on pay, local bargaining, occupational
    pensions and combating undeclared work.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    A new collective agreement was concluded in May 1997 for Luxembourg's banking
    sector. In contrast to the previous 1993 agreement, the accord was signed by
    all the main trade unions in the sector.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 3 June 1997, an agreement was finally reached between the Generalitat
    (Catalonia's autonomous regional government) and the central Government in
    Spain to transfer part of the management of the National Institute of
    Employment (INEM) to the Catalan regional administration. A historic demand
    that has been made for over 15 years has thus been satisfied. For the central
    Government, the transfer of INEM to Catalonia is a "pilot scheme" that will
    serve as a basis for the transfer of powers in this field to other autonomous
    communities such as Galicia and the Basque Country.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    With the agreement of 30 May between the Building Workers' Union and the
    Employers' Federation of the Swedish Construction Industry, the last of
    1997's major collective agreements was concluded. It gave 70,000 building
    workers an increase of SEK 2.50 per hour and, for the first time, payment
    during certain public holidays. According to the union, this represents an
    overall pay increase of 3.1%, while the employers estimate its value to be
    2.6%. Irrespective of who is right, the agreement is very much in line with
    the 1997 average settlement.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 10 June 1997, Renault management announced the appointment of an
    independent expert who will evaluate, on an economic basis, the potential
    measures envisaged to "compensate for the inefficiency involved in the
    structure of Renault's production facilities".

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    The decision in May 1997 by Halivourgiki, the largest steel concern in
    Greece, to introduce flexible working hours, reduce its workforce and close a
    part of the production line has led to an industrial dispute. We examine the
    factors behind Halivourgiki's decision and the reactions of employees and
    their representatives.

  • Article
    27 Juni 1997

    On 4 June, Padraig Flynn, the European Commissioner responsible for social
    affairs, employment and industrial relations, launched a consultation
    document on "information and consultation of workers within the national
    framework" (EU9706132F [1]). The document constitutes the first stage of
    consultation of the European-level social partners under the Maastricht
    social policy Agreement procedure, and could thus lead to a European-level
    agreement and/or Community legislation. If the Commission's proposals bear
    fruit, there would be minimum standards across Europe to ensure that workers
    enjoy rights to be informed and consulted. These rights would apply to all
    workers in enterprises above a certain size (50 employees has been suggested
    as a possible threshold). The new measure would reinforce existing
    requirements on national information and consultation over transfers of
    undertakings, collective redundancies and health and safety issues.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined/european-social-partners-discuss-the-social-impact-of-restructuring

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications