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  • Article
    27 März 1997

    A "national agreement" between the Italian Government and trade unions,
    signed in March 1997, has established harmonised rules for almost all
    employment in the public and private sectors.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    Negotiations to revise the important collective agreement in Portugal's
    banking sector are deadlocked. The industry's largest trade union will soon
    hold its elections, but its socialist members are divided, while substantial
    workforce reductions have been announced for the coming years.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    Two separate strikes have been hitting the French hospital sector over
    February and March 1997. On the one hand, certain unions are campaigning
    against cuts in hospital budgets while, on the other hand, numerous trainee
    doctors and senior consultants are on strike, demanding the revision of the
    medical agreement co-signed by the health insurance office (CNAM) and the
    medical profession, which in their opinion hinders the practicing of
    professional medicine.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    On 19 March 1997, the general meeting of the Fachgemeinschaft Bau Berlin und
    Brandenburg, the regional industry and employers' association for the
    building industry in the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg, decided to
    quit the Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (Central Association of the
    German Building Trade, ZDB) and the Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie
    (Federal Association of the German Building Industry, HDB). In future, the
    regional association will no longer participate in the highly centralised
    collective bargaining system of the building industry, which includes central
    framework agreements (Manteltarifverträge) and national wage agreements
    (Lohntarifverträge).

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    On 13 March 1997, Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union)
    sued the company behind the 7-Eleven chain of shops for SEK 1 million
    compensation for breach of the collective agreement. The agreement in
    question is in fact a combination of two, which were agreed last summer in an
    attempt to settle a dispute concerning the unsocial hours bonus.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    According to the yearly wage statistics from the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (DA), 1996 was the most conflict-free year for the private
    sector labour market in the 1990s. From 1995 to 1996, the number of
    unofficial strikes - defined as those in contravention of a collective
    agreement - fell from 1,740 to 791 and the number of working days lost
    decreased by 70% to 52,808 in 1996. Although there was an overall decrease in
    working days lost, the proportion of working days lost due to wage
    disagreements increased from 45% to 52% and conflicts related to redundancies
    and dismissals increased from 5% to 13%. Between 1995 and 1996 secondary
    action fell drastically, from 34% to 9% of the total number of working days
    lost. This can be attributed to the 1995 bus conflict ("RiBus-konflikten"),
    one of the longest disputes in post-war Danish industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    A protest march on the Dail by rank-and-file members of the Irish police
    force, the Garda Siochana, was due to take place on 16 April to highlight
    their demand for the first independent review of police pay since 1981.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 März 1997

    Over the past decade there has been increasing concern among the institutions
    of the European Union about the rising tide of racism across the member
    states. In a recent address to a conference on combating racism organised by
    the ETUC, social affairs commissioner Padraig Flynn highlighted the
    importance of the fight against racism in "achieving improved working
    conditions, creating jobs, improved industrial relations, the use of human
    resources to the best possible effect, social justice, equal opportunities,
    wealth and tolerance".

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications