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  • Article
    27 April 1997

    An Intergovernmental Conference is the method used by the Member States of
    the European Union (EU) to agree on basic changes to the Treaties which
    govern the workings of the Union. Changes to the Treaties are not carried out
    within the framework of the EU itself, but by direct negotiations between the
    governments of the Member States within the context of the IGC. The current
    IGC is the sixth in the history of European integration.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    A Presidential Decree on the establishment of European Works Councils (EWCs)
    in Greece was signed on 20 March 1997. Its purpose is to transpose into Greek
    law EC Directive 94/45/EC on the provision of information and consultation to
    employees in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of
    undertakings, which, under the terms of the Directive, should have been
    transposed by 22 September 1996. The Presidential Decree takes up the option
    provided in the Directive of not applying its provisions to maritime workers.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    According to the report /Reported industrial injuries in the building and
    construction sector, 1993-1995/, from the Labour Inspectorate, the sector
    experienced a 22% increase in industrial accidents over the course of
    1993-1995. The general increase in industrial accidents in the period was
    11%. Whereas approximately 5% of the workforce are employed in the building
    and construction sector, this sector reported 8% of all industrial accidents.
    Every month one fatal and 50 serious accidents occur in the sector, and 84
    fatal accidents took place at all Danish workplaces in 1995. The increased
    number of accidents in the building and construction sector, according to the
    Labour Inspectorate, can largely be explained by the sector's 9% job-growth
    and the improved reporting of industrial accidents.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    In France, regulation of the working week is based on a piece of legislation
    passed in 1936, which laid down a work schedule spread over five days.
    Decrees on the application of this law made special provision, in each
    sector, for the way in which these hours would be organised. The one
    concerning banking dates from 1937.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    The /Seymour-Smith/ case has raised the issue of the legality of the two-year
    qualifying period of employment before employees may bring a claim for unfair
    dismissal. The /Observer/ in April reported that many employees are having
    their employment contracts terminated only days before completing the
    two-year period which is necessary to gain employment protection. At present,
    full-time employees must have accumulated two years' continuous service,
    while for employees who work between eight and 16 hours per week, the
    qualifying period is five years.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    Ireland's largest trade union, the Services Industrial Professional and
    Technical Union (SIPTU), has a new president after a closer than expected
    ballot of its 180,000 members. The tight result - announced in early April
    1997 - surprised the union's leadership, given the fact that a left-wing
    activist polled almost 42% of the votes cast compared with the 56% who voted
    for former vice-president, Jimmy Somers.

  • Article
    27 April 1997

    The principal collective agreement in the Dutch information technology and
    office equipment sector, concluded in April 1997 between the employers'
    organisation and one of the trade unions, has been criticised by the other
    unions and four large software and service companies

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications