Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Syros Shipyards, currently known as Syros Shipbuilding and Industrial Enterprises, was founded in 1861, making it the oldest shipyard in Greece. It was privatised in 1994 and is now part of Neorion Holding S.A., a company that owns shipyards in both Syros and Elefsis. The European shipbuilding industry has been in severe crisis for several decades because of competition with low labour cost countries and, more recently, because of the high exchange value of the euro. In Greece, additional challenges include an ageing workforce and inflexible labour relations. Over a twenty year period the number of employees in the whole Greek shipbuilding industry has dropped from about 10,000 employees to 3,500.
The Spanish company Telefónica is one of the world’s largest telecommunications companies with a strong presence in Europe, Africa and Latin America. In June 2006, it had around 220,000 employees, representing a growth of 23.5 per cent compared with the previous year. This growth was partly an effect of changes in the accountancy consolidation perimeter relating to its Atento group subsidiary. The worldwide spread of Telefónica presents major challenges for the development of a human resources policy capable of meeting the needs of every individual employee.
The Bank of Cyprus Public Company Ltd. was founded in 1899 and is the holding company of the Bank of Cyprus Group. The Bank is the leading financial services organisation in Cyprus and operates 115 branches in Greece. It is also well established in the United Kingdom, where it operates six branches. The Group’s international activities were extended in 2000 with the opening of a wholly owned subsidiary bank in Australia, which operates ten branches. The bank also has representative offices in the USA, Canada, South Africa, Russia and Romania. It offers a wide range of financial products and services, including financing, leasing, factoring, brokerage, fund management, general and life insurance. It employed 6,100 staff worldwide in August 2006, most of whom were white-collar workers.
The knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) sector is a highly dynamic sector, which is constantly growing and rapidly evolving. Given the significance of this sector, it is important to understand what is likely to impact on its development in the future. In order to develop an understanding of potential factors that could influence the sector, a series of scenarios have been devised. These scenarios do not aim to provide a forecast of the sector, but rather to identify possible future drivers and how they may affect the KIBS sector in the future. Four scenarios have been developed around the three themes of globalisation, skills development in emerging nations, and technological progress.
KIBS (knowledge-intensive business services) supply information and knowledge products or use knowledge to support their clients’ own knowledge generation and information processing activities. KIBS providers are defined as ‘organisations who rely heavily on professional knowledge ... to supply intermediate products and services that are knowledge based’ (Den Hertog, 2000). They fuse general codified (recorded) information with experience and tacit knowledge. It is this ability that ‘adds value’ for the client, offering a basis for competitive advantage. KIBS are a highly diverse sector: there are practically as many branches of knowledge-intensive business services as there are areas of knowledge, ranging from market research to legal activities and research and development (R&D). There is, therefore, considerable diversity in their evolution, structure and management.
/The so-called ‘knowledge economy’ has given way to a whole range of new
professional activities and occupations referred to as Knowledge Intensive
Business Services (KIBS). This emerging sector is regarded as a fundamental
contributor to EU competitiveness, largely due to its key role in providing
non-core services to companies across the economic spectrum. Although a
relatively young and unknown sector, its contribution to employment and
growth across the EU in the coming years is expected to be paramount in the
context of achieving the goals of the Lisbon Agenda. This dossier aims to
provide an in-depth analysis of the trends and forces shaping KIBS and draws
mainly on recent and original EMCC research, including a sector mapping
report, company and cluster studies, future scenarios and foresight work./
Ogilvy and Mather Düsseldorf is one of some 497 offices within the Ogilvy and Mather Worldwide advertising agency network, which is headquartered in New York. In turn, Ogilvy and Mather Worldwide is a subsidiary of the larger WPP Group. The WPP Group of companies was established in 1986 with the acquisition of 10 marketing service companies in the United Kingdom (UK) and the USA. Today, the WPP Group employs about 91,000 people working in over 2,000 offices in 106 countries. WPP companies provide communications services to clients worldwide, including more than 300 Fortune Global 500, over a half of the NASDAQ 100 and over 30 of the Fortune e-50 companies.
The City of London is a centre of financial activity, characterised by a high concentration of banks and financial services providers, legal services, insurance companies and professional services companies. It also holds high numbers of companies offering business support industries, such as information technology (IT) and recruitment. Today, law firms are the largest single employer within the City of London.
Espion is an information technology (IT) security business located in Stillorgan in south Dublin in Ireland. The products and services it offers range from security system design to comprehensive forensic investigation and security training. The three founding directors established the company in 2001. During its first year of trading, Espion generated a turnover of approximately €500,000. Since then, the company has doubled its turnover annually and now employs 14 persons, all of whom operate from its Dublin base.
This cluster study concentrates on the respective capital cities of Finland and Estonia, namely Helsinki and Tallinn. This cluster area was chosen because of the dynamic nature of the economies located in the region. Finland has one of the most developed information and communication technologies (ICT) sectors in the western world, and is regularly cited among the world’s most competitive economies (Robert Huggins Associates, 2004).